2023 Author: Philip Bishop | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-08-25 07:54
- Wood housing construction
- Materials used in construction
- House of laminated veneer lumber, cheap and reliable
- Wooden house price
Despite the fact that the construction market is constantly adopting new technologies, the popularity of one of the most ancient building materials - wood - is not diminishing. The main reason for this: wood is an environmentally friendly material. In addition, it has excellent natural heat-insulating properties, and its texture creates a pleasant psychological microclimate both indoors and in the area around it. … In order to protect themselves at least a little from an aggressive environment, people again began to use wood in various combinations in the construction of their houses, since only wood can provide the highest level of ecology of your home.
First of all, you need to know that the construction of a building is an extremely responsible event. It is necessary to save wisely, to build a house from high-quality materials by inviting people who will help you save money and efficiently do the work on time and with high quality. For this purpose, you can attract specialists from a reliable construction company
Wood housing construction
The handling of this building material has its own characteristics, which follow from its natural and not synthetic origin: without proper preparation and subsequent maintenance, wooden structures can quickly be damaged by fungi, mold and wood-boring beetles.
To prevent this from happening, when preparing for use, the tree must be treated with special antiseptics or its surface must be burned to the degree of slight charring. Before that, it must be carefully examined and, if signs of fungal infection - hyphae or white mold mycelium are detected - remove the infected areas. The same should be done if wood-boring beetles were found, and complete the treatment with disinfection with insecticides.
Anti-rotting prevention consists in the correct installation of the log house, which should provide natural ventilation, which does not allow moisture to accumulate between the structural elements.
Simple hewn logs are rarely used to build modern wooden houses. For this, there are specially processed rounded or glued logs, profiled or glued beams.
Construction experts recommend using a rounded log for the construction of individual housing. Such a log is a tree trunk processed on a special machine, reduced to a standard diameter, the same at both ends, and usually 6 m long. …
The installation of walls made of rounded logs is done without much effort; during the construction of a one-story building, you can even do without construction equipment, since the weight of this building material is relatively small. In addition, their low weight allows the use of lightweight foundations, which reduces the cost of housing.
Currently, the construction of wooden houses is very popular. There are many options for houses, depending on the technology and material of the future home. The price of a project can vary significantly from the smallest details.
Materials used in construction
In areas where there are no problems with wood, a solid block house will cost less than an apartment in any large city. Therefore, building a building made of wood is an advantageous solution and an alternative to noisy city apartments. In addition to conventional block houses, there are more expensive options. Handcrafted wooden buildings are expensive properties and of course they always have their own buyers. The main part of the price of a handmade house is the cost of the services of the craftsmen who build the noble "tower". In spite of everything, using profiled timber for construction, you can save not only on material but also on payment for work. For example: a spacious house measuring 7x9 meters made of profiled timber can cost about 40 thousand dollars. At that time, for comparison: in a large city for such a price you can buy a one-room apartment. As you can see, the savings are on the face,the house cannot be compared with a one-room apartment.
In addition, there is an even more economical option. Frame buildings, which are mainly used for summer cottages, but if it is additionally insulated with special materials, such houses are suitable for living all year round.
If we are talking about savings, then the most effective protection against irrational construction costs is a good project that will be developed by responsible specialists, it costs no more than 5% of the price of the house. You should not save on it, because a correctly made calculation, taking into account all materials and types of construction work, pays for the entire project several times. In addition, the project of a wooden dwelling can be individual, or selected from the existing catalog, where everything has already been calculated in advance, taking into account the fact of the ratio of "price and quality".
House of laminated veneer lumber, cheap and reliable
You can, of course, like many years ago, fold a house of logs. But if you are an amateur in this business, then glued timber will be the best option for you. Domestic manufacturers have already worked out the glued laminated timber production technology for a long time, which guarantees a lower cost and a shorter construction time.
If you nevertheless decide to build your house out of wood, then you should know that not only glued beams can be used. Let's try first to determine the type of wood material: A
rounded log, taking into account all the possibilities of modern production, can be given an ideal shape, add various grooves, for the convenience of assembling the entire structure. A log, whatever one may say, is a durable and reliable material for building a house. The only drawback of a quality log is the cost.
Profiled timber is much lighter and cheaper. From it you can fold a house, and a barn for livestock, and a garage. The only significant drawback is shrinkage, which, as a rule, occurs due to insufficient material drying during production. The process of the main shrinkage is about 28 days, the further course of the process is no longer so significant.
The profiled timber shrinks more. Since the whole tree trunk is processed at the plant, it is almost impossible to dry it completely. That is why the moisture content even in a dry profiled bar can reach 22%, and in a material of natural moisture content - up to 87%.
Profiled timber loses heat twice as fast, but provides more natural air circulation in the room.
Glued laminated timber is free from these disadvantages, since its production is much cheaper and drying is more thorough. A house made of laminated veneer lumber is reliable, since deformation after construction is impossible. Due to the simplicity and relative low cost of production, the construction time for the entire structure is sharply reduced, respectively.
Thermal conductivity of laminated veneer lumber is 0.1 W / m * C. This means that the walls built from such material will keep heat for a very long time, even if you turn off the heating in the house. You don't have to do additional insulation at home either.
After the completion of the construction process, the house always shrinks, as moisture gradually evaporates from the wood, which leads to a decrease in the height of the structure. This is called shrinkage. Glued laminated timber shrinks slightly. All excess moisture is removed from the wood during the lamella manufacturing process.
The main difference between laminated veneer lumber and profiled lumber is that glued laminated lumber does not deform and is less prone to cracking. Therefore, in terms of strength, glued laminated timber surpasses profiled and is able to withstand heavy loads.
Due to a number of advantages, more and more people choose glued laminated timber when building their environmentally friendly housing. Glued laminated timber never loses the capabilities of solid wood, such as:
- Moisture support;
- Creation of a healthy microclimate;
- Environmental friendliness.
The shrinkage of houses made of laminated veneer lumber is no more than 1%, which will not affect the further exploitation of the building and its appearance (shrinkage of rounded logs is about 20%). Unlike solid timber, glued laminated timber never cracks or crumbles under the influence of loads and aging of the material during operation, and when building a house from this material, you can safely forget about the insulation of walls and floors. In terms of thermal insulation properties, a laminated veneer lumber wall is not inferior to a double brick wall. Glued laminated timber does not burn (here, of course, it was not without fire retardants), the appearance of the structure has an attractive appearance due to careful grinding, there is no need for additional processing.
Wooden house price
Due to the complexity of the manufacturing technology, glued laminated timber is significantly more expensive than profiled. There are glued laminated timber options similar to profiled beams in cost, but it is undesirable to choose them. Most likely, the price reduction was possible due to the use of lower quality wood or savings on any of the most important technological processes.
Let's summarize. Undoubtedly, a house made of natural wood will always be an alternative to a city apartment. The most amazing thing is that a house made of laminated veneer lumber is much stronger than a solid bar or rounded log. High thermal insulation allows you to save a lot on heating the entire room. The low cost of the entire structure and the shortest terms of its construction put glued laminated timber in the first place among all wood building materials. It should also be remembered that a tree ennobles, sets the microclimate necessary for a person, provides a unique aroma and energy in the house. Living in such a house, you become closer to nature, you begin to truly love and appreciate it. Now you know what to build your paradise from, good luck.
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