2023 Author: Philip Bishop | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-08-25 07:54
- Doors from which array is better
- Wood selection
- Correct drying
- Splitting into lamellas
- Wood protection
- Which solid wood doors are better - 5 comparative characteristics
- Which doors are better
- Pine or alder
- Alder or beech
- Ash or oak
- Choosing veneered doors
- How to find out which veneered door is better and better
- Which is better - solid or veneer doors
- Solid pine or veneered
- Solid alder or veneer
- Solid oak or veneer
- How to choose doors made of eco-veneer
- How do you get eco-veneer
- Practical advantages of eco-veneer
- What is the best eco-veneer door: we check the quality by 5 parameters
- PVC doors or eco-veneer - which is better
- Which interior doors to choose - veneer or PVC
- Which is better - veneer or eco-veneer
- Let's compare doors made of solid pine and eco-veneer
The modern consumer is very different from the consumers of goods of the late 20th century. People have become picky. Many, before going to the store, try to get basic information on the characteristics of goods and the criteria for their selection. They are especially interested in those products, the production of which is on the rise, where there is a strong innovative breakthrough, new technologies and materials appear.
One of these areas is the manufacture of interior doors. Which is better - from solid wood, natural veneer or its artificial analogue - eco-veneer? Let's figure it out together with the employees of the online store of interior doors "Into the House", who have prepared this expert material for you.
Doors from which array is better
The production of interior doors has become so massive today that some agencies are trying to compile ratings of companies involved in this area. The market is really oversaturated with offers. It would seem easier to buy the right product under these conditions. In fact, choosing an interior door from so many options, taking into account the variety of colors, textures and prices, is not an easy task, even if we are talking about a specific category of structures. Doors from which array is better, what to look for during inspection, what is priority and what is secondary - we suggest discussing these and other issues in our material.
The struggle for the quality of an interior door begins long before its production. Before getting into the hands of the manufacturer, it must go through several stages of preliminary preparation:
- The stage of selection of high-quality, ecologically clean forest;
- Dissolution into lamellas;
- Bonding into a single sheet.
Taking into account the selected style, paneled structures and doors are produced from re-glued solid wood.
Here we mean not only the type of wood, but first of all its quality. An ordinary buyer is not able to control the selection process for logging, but you can inquire about the origin of materials from the manufacturer and check the availability of certificates.
Only dry wood is used for the production of interior doors, in particular, the massif, brought to the minimum humidity values - on average 8%. This level can be achieved in two ways:
- Drying in vivo;
- Processing in drying chambers.
As a rule, manufacturers use the second drying method because it is faster. The rocks are dried in different ways, taking into account the peculiarity of the variety, strictly maintaining the temperature and pressure.
Splitting into lamellas
There are no interior doors made of a solid tree trunk. Immediately after drying, the workpiece is cut into small bars, which are then glued together and get a door leaf of the required size. Thus, manufacturers are struggling with internal stress arising during operation due to changes in temperature, humidity and pressure. If you just cut out a door from a solid piece of solid wood, it will be very sensitive to changes in the environment, which means it will quickly dry out, crack, and become unusable.
The protective properties of the future structure are given in two ways - by impregnation with some special compounds and by applying others to the surface of the canvas, molding. The materials used for external protection are also decorative. On sale there is a large collection of primers, stains, waxes with antibacterial and antifungal properties, as well as varnishes, paints, enamels with various options for toning.
Which solid wood doors are better - 5 comparative characteristics
We offer to evaluate 5 types of solid wood - pine, alder, oak, beech, ash - according to important characteristics:
- Moisture resistance;
- Behavior during drying;
- The presence of knots on the surface, resinousness;
- High resin content provides high moisture resistance;
- Capricious in drying;
- Pronounced decorative properties, beautiful pattern;
- Scratch-prone softwood;
- The cheapest array of all.
- Harder than pine, but high warpage;
- Low moisture resistance, drying is carried out at lower temperatures compared to pine;
- Uniform pattern;
- Lots of knots;
- Slightly more expensive than pine.
For decorative finishes, tinting is often used. Suitable for classic interiors.
- Strongly absorbs moisture;
- Not capricious in drying;
- Beautiful drawing;
- There are few knots;
- Highest price.
It has high strength, therefore it is suitable for the manufacture of entrance doors. The only drawback is the heavy weight. To fight it, they choose high-quality, durable hinges. Boxes are made of the same material.
- It tolerates high humidity well;
- Not capricious in drying;
- Shows an external resemblance to an oak;
- There are a minimum of knots on the surface;
- Medium price segment.
Ash wood is stronger than solid oak, but more sensitive to the influence of the atmosphere.
- Poorly tolerates moisture;
- High natural humidity makes drying difficult;
- The pattern is uniform;
- It lends itself well to processing;
Cheaper than oak, more expensive than alder.
Which doors are better
A beautiful and stylish interior door that matches the color of the created design in the interior, as well as durable, moisture resistant and inexpensive is considered ideal. In real life, it happens like this - the highest quality and durable doors cost from 50,000 rubles, so sometimes you have to neglect the image, priorities in order to keep within the existing budget. And the point is not that a door for 20,000 will cause a lot of trouble during operation, but in the absence of an elite status for such a model, which for some buyers is of primary importance. Therefore, it is impossible to answer in a nutshell - which doors from the array are better? Everyone chooses with according to the general style and price. And to make it easier to choose, we suggest evaluating products that are similar in characteristics and cost.
Pine or alder
Start from the intended installation location:
- A pine tree with its beautiful pattern - to the country house, to a country house or a cottage;
- Stronger alder - in apartments, preferably in premises with a classic dominant.
Alder or beech
They have approximately the same moisture resistance parameters and a lot of finishing methods. Beech is superior in strength, but alder has a more expressive pattern and lower cost. It is hardly possible to give categorical advice on the place of application of either array. If you want more natural beauty, it means alder. Aristocratic uniformity and a higher price are satisfied - then beech.
Ash or oak
It will be difficult for a non-professional to distinguish them from each other. Look at the cut - the oak has core rays on the surface. Ash does not have them. Ash is stronger, but this does not mean that ash door is better. On the contrary, oak in the minds of most buyers expresses stability, strength, power and almost eternity, therefore, which is better, you will decide on the spot, when comparing the external characteristics of two specific models.
Choosing veneered doors
Most of the collection of interior doors is occupied by veneered products, because according to their external characteristics, they are no worse than doors from an array, but they are cheaper. The question is quite pertinent - which veneered doors are better. Indeed, they differ from each other not only in color, but also:
- Design: paneled (classic), tsarov and molded - for modern interiors;
- Veneer type: natural, fine-line;
- Price: the less synthetics, the more expensive.
The process of applying veneer to the canvas is called veneering. All existing types of wood are used - meaning the array itself or its imitation in the form of various films, but more on that later. First, you need to answer the main question - why make veneered doors, if you can just cut a canvas from a piece of solid wood of the desired breed? And there is a motive for this, and more than one.
Advantages of veneered doors:
- Relatively low price: the difference is felt especially strongly when buying several models;
- Allows you to buy a door with the same natural finish and abandon synthetics if there is no financial opportunity to order solid wood doors;
- High level of moisture resistance - can be installed in bathrooms and showers;
- Little weight.
Design diversity is achieved by using veneer from different types of wood - from simple pine to expensive oak, exotic rosewood - and by modeling the base, creating milled, paneled, sideboard structures.
How to find out which veneered door is better and better
There is one more way to diversify the collection of doors to an apartment, but it is used within the category of "veneered doors" itself. The classification is carried out according to the type of veneer used. As you know, there are 3 of them:
- Natural (natural);
The first is the most expensive because it is made by cutting off a thin layer of wood. The same array, but in the form of a film up to 1 mm thick. The second option is also made from wood, but using a different technology. First, the wood cuts are glued into one sheet of plywood and already cut into thin layers. Eco-veneer is made from waste of the cellulose industry and polypropylene. Materials for door covering are listed in descending order of price.
How an ordinary person can distinguish a door made of natural veneer from eco-veneer and fine-line:
- Veneer - an exact imitation of solid wood, with the same beautiful pattern and texture;
- The fine line has many repeating fragments on the surface;
- Eco-veneer is a polymer. Look at the end cuts, you can see that this is a film, not a cut of wood. And the second point - eco-veneer comes in a wide palette of colors, including those that are not found in nature.
How do you know which veneer doors are better and of better quality? Do not be afraid to touch the canvas, even smell what it smells like. A good door has an absolutely flat surface and no pungent chemical odors.
Which is better - solid or veneer doors
It is believed that the choice between veneer and solid wood doors is made solely because of the price. The statement is correct, but in part, and does not work in all cases. For example, models made from inexpensive solid pine can have the same or less cost than beautiful paneled doors made from natural oak veneer.
Which is better - solid wood or veneer? We propose to make a comparison by key parameters:
- Scope of application: solid wood doors are installed in richly decorated living rooms, halls, as well as in houses and offices with luxury finishes. Veneered models are less picky about their surroundings, although to install a door in the middle and middle + price segment in the room, you need to match. They are also ordered in apartments, offices, country houses, but they do not necessarily fit into exquisite interiors and are selected as a background with expensive antiques;
- Moisture resistance - it is believed that veneer copes better with high humidity, although this criterion depends not so much on the material itself, but on its protection. Nevertheless, if you need a door to the bathroom, it is better to do with veneer, so as not to risk big money;
- Price is an indisputable priority here on the side of veneered doors. Solid wood is always more expensive than a thin cut of wood, although if the two models are identical in design, is it worth the extra charge;
- The ability to eliminate defects on the surface: there are more of them on solid wood doors, although there are special compounds with which you can, if not eliminate, then make invisible scratches on the veneer.
Another advantage of veneered doors is their low weight. The installation of solid wood products is usually performed on three hinges. In the case of veneer, no reinforcement is required.
Solid pine or veneered
Pine, as the cheapest material among all common alternatives, is the only type used in the production of solid wood models and veneered doors.
In the first case, the entire canvas is made from pine, and then covered with stains, wax, decorated with colorless varnish or tinted.
Pine veneered doors are produced with two purposes - to improve the external data and protective properties. To cover cheap wood veneer is taken from expensive oak or ash. Thus, an inexpensive structure with a rich design is obtained. As far as protection is concerned, we have already talked about the outstanding characteristics of natural veneer. In the case of solid pine, such a technological solution is especially important, because veneering can significantly increase the moisture resistance and strength of soft wood, and therefore extend its service life without raising the price tag much.
How to prioritize? - It's very simple: if you want to decorate your house with natural wood, and also bring a fresh scent of pine needles into the room, choose an array of pine, but this solution is more suitable for summer cottages, country houses. If you need a classic, rich saturated color of oak, while there is no money to overpay for a re-glued elite array, then we offer to buy a veneered interior door.
Solid alder or veneer
Alder is stronger than pine, but according to this criterion it is almost on a par with natural veneer. Since both types of doors are treated with protective compounds, manufacturers manage to align the compared structures in terms of moisture resistance. There are no cardinal differences between them in terms of price. This means that there are no serious indications for not buying a veneered door or alder model. How to choose? - Most likely, we will decide on the spot. Nevertheless, if you need to buy a product that exactly matches the color and fa of the colors and patterns. Alder is a tree, which means respectability and a bias towards strict classics.
Solid oak or veneer
Solid oak is a peak in many respects, including durability, chic design - or rather, a great variety of designs that fit into a classic style. They surpass their veneered counterparts in weight and price, although this is rather a minus than an advantage.
Veneered doors are also beauty, but in a different format, because, for example, veneer is not suitable for aging by brushing, but here you can use much more compounds to give a shade, which means it is easier to choose a model for parquet or skirting boards. They are inferior in strength, but they gain in moisture resistance and, of course, in cost.
Total: if you prefer to maintain your status for any money, then choose solid oak. When you want equally high aesthetics for less money, we take natural veneer.
How to choose doors made of eco-veneer
Eco-veneer doors are a timely and smart solution to create a cheaper alternative to natural veneer doors. It is unlikely that anyone would think to say that anyone can afford a product worth 6-10 thousand rubles. The reality is that we have to consider more affordable options, but I would like them to be durable, beautiful, moisture resistant.
The second point is weight loss, and all with the same purpose of saving. As a rule, such models are made from hollow structures or filled with cheap material, for example, honeycomb cardboard. It turns out a light, inexpensive product, but with minimal values of heat and sound insulation.
Which doors made of eco-veneer are better depends largely on the manufacturer's desire to meticulously select materials, refers to assembly, not to neglect modern technologies.
How do you get eco-veneer
Eco-veneer is based on 2 key components - cellulose fibers and polypropylene. A film is obtained by long-term pressing. The result is a very durable material that is resistant to moisture and scratches.
The film is applied to a prepared, well-cleaned canvas using a special technology: first, it is heated, then the structure is placed in a vacuum for a strong connection. This is done on the so-called "enveloping line". The polymer is not cut into separate fragments to cover each side and ends separately, but each element of the door is wrapped with it - drawers, moldings. The joint is obtained in only one place, and it will not remain outside, but will go into the groove. Thus, only the top and bottom ends will be open.
The dyeing of the eco-veneer is carried out in bulk, at the stage when the film is cellulose fibers. First, they are given a shade, after which they are glued, molded under pressure. Thanks to this technique of applying color, the door remains the same saturated, fresh after many years of use, and it does not need to be hidden from direct sunlight to prevent fading.
Practical advantages of eco-veneer
The film is used for finishing natural and artificial materials, so there can be an array of pine, MDF, chipboard under it. Briefly - about the advantages of such models:
- Available in a wide range of colors, from natural to creative;
- Color stability;
- Surface durability: not afraid of scratches, impacts;
- Moisture resistance - installation in bathrooms is allowed;
- It is not scratched when washing with abrasive detergents - soda, powders;
- Repairable: Over time, varnish or paint with a different shade can be applied to adapt to the new interior.
Recommended areas of application - apartments, country houses, summer cottages, offices, shops, medical institutions, sanatoriums, public places, etc. Such a wide scope of use is explained by the low price, durability, and variety.
What is the best eco-veneer door: we check the quality by 5 parameters
Pay attention to:
- Fastening glass.
- Build quality.
Checking the design
Doors made of eco-veneer are made with a blank sheet or side panels. The drawers are produced in different sizes - the width varies between 90-150 mm, the thickness is 30-45 mm.
Note that the wider the drawers are, the easier it is to install magnetic locks. Such systems are good for hotels, offices, but not always relevant in apartments. Wide drawers are not appropriate for narrow doors (up to 70 cm) - they greatly spoil the design, burden the appearance.
In budget models, drawers are used up to 36 mm in thickness. They have minimal flexural strength. It is difficult to install fittings in them. Therefore, structures with drawer sides with a width of 36 mm, but not more than 40 mm are considered optimal.
When choosing a door, check to see if it sags. Try to lift it up to determine the weight, at least by eye. Despite the hollow inserts, it doesn't have to be very light.
Checking the film
The thicker the material, the stronger it is. A similar rule applies when choosing a film. The thinner the eco-veneer, the more vulnerable it is, the easier it is to scratch it. You can check the thickness at the open ends at the top of the canvas. Or ask the seller for cutaway models.
We check the fastening of glasses and panels
When choosing doors with glass inserts, 2 points are important - their strong fastening and thickness. Try to open and close the door several times, listen to the sounds, there should be no rattling and the feeling that the glass inside "walks", which means it is poorly fixed and the manufacturer decided to save on the seal.
The panels can also be of different thicknesses. The optimum is 10 mm. There are cheap designs with 6-8mm panels. These have lower not only the price, but also sound insulation, strength.
Checking the molding
Pay attention to the following details:
- The thickness of the box: it should not be very thin, otherwise the door will sag over time, and it is difficult to install such moldings;
- Compliance with eco-veneer: the coating on the molding and the canvas must be identical
Assembly of side doors
The assembly is carried out in two ways:
- By gluing on the hem;
- Twisting onto screws.
Glued doors are cheaper, because they are made by gluing under pressure and are non-separable. The best in terms of strength are doors made of eco-veneer, connected with screws and dowels. This approach prevents sagging - firstly, and secondly, it allows you to make a collapsible structure. If suddenly one part gets a defect, it can simply be replaced with the same one in the factory.
PVC doors or eco-veneer - which is better
Two key materials for decorating the facade of interior doors. Both are actively used by manufacturers of products in the low and medium price segment. The logical question of consumers is which is better, PVC or eco-veneer. How to distinguish one cover from another, is there a reasonable explanation for giving up one for the other?
Let's start with the similarities:
- Are film materials;
- Supplied in rolls;
- Resistant to moisture;
- More durable than paper based laminates;
- They are cheaper than doors made of solid wood and natural veneer.
Texture: the first distinctive feature. If you run your hand over the surface of each, the PVC will develop a smooth, even texture. Eco-veneer in this regard is closer to natural wood, because it imitates it not only visually, but also has a similar structure.
Safety: eco-veneer wins. Its attachment to the surface is carried out without the use of special compounds - the connection takes place under the press due to the substances that make up the film itself. Fastening of PVC and natural veneer is carried out using strong synthetic binders.
The second point is that both materials are polymers, only PVC is actually polyvinyl chloride, eco-veneer is polypropylene. The second does not contain toxic chloride, therefore it is considered the most beneficial in terms of environmental friendliness, although this statement is controversial, and the pronounced harmful properties of PVC are manifested only under certain conditions.
Both PVC and eco-veneer repel moisture, are suitable for installation in bathrooms, including in the immediate vicinity of sinks, but PVC doors:
- It is not recommended to wash with highly abrasive products;
- It should not be installed in places where powerful streams of ultraviolet radiation always fall. This will damage the texture;
- They require careful attitude, because scratches, cracks, chips resulting from strong impacts cannot be eliminated completely.
Eco-veneer is just as beautiful, it looks natural, and even not expensive. Its most vulnerable point is strength, it depends on the thickness of the film. Not all is good, which is very cheap: the very low price should alert and force unprotected end-cuts to be checked. Well, if careful operation is assumed, then there is no apparent reason for refusing to save.
PVC and eco-veneer door constructions
Foil materials are the finishing coat of doors. They do not need to be painted, waxed, toned. They cover the entire existing range of doors, including:
It is necessary to assess the quality in each specific case, regardless of the coverage, which means we look:
- Top uncovered ends or ask the seller for a sample to estimate the film thickness;
- Weight, and too light models are not always a plus, because they become the most vulnerable to strong blows;
- Fastening of panels and glasses - there should be no feeling of loose inserts;
- The thickness of the box and extensions: we choose according to the principle "where it is thin, there it breaks."
Film coatings allow you to match the color of the door to any interior, but let's make a reservation that it is easier to do this when choosing PVC models. The film is available in the entire palette of the RAL catalog, and these are several dozen options that differ in subtle nuances. Eco-veneer in this sense is slightly inferior to its "older" polymer, but its external characteristics are absolutely similar to the type of natural wood.
Eco-veneer is supplied in the colors bleached oak, wenge, apricot, etc. Such a door looks like a model made of natural wood, and only this opportunity - to buy richly decorated doors at a low price - is the primary reason for their appearance on the market.
So, a PVC door is a thicker and more durable coating, but its synthetic origin is immediately noticeable due to the lack of texture. On the contrary, eco-veneer is the very same naturalness, but too thin to enter the premium segment. This means that you will have to choose based on priority, because, as often happens, beauty is important for some, and strength for others.
Which interior doors to choose - veneer or PVC
Doors made of PVC and natural veneer differ from each other in principle, at least in that one is made of natural material, and the other is made of synthetic. Different origins to one degree or another affected all the characteristics of the models, including price, construction, performance and design. We propose to dwell on them in more detail.
Of course, if we compare high-quality oak veneer doors with PVC models, the price overweight towards the former is too obvious. In fact, these are doors from different "weight" categories: one is classic, luxurious and the most wooden one, and the second can be present in a wide variety of interior styles, because it comes in any color - from neutral brown to creative red, has smooth surface, than immediately reveals its synthetic essence.
If there are models in the considered categories that are similar in properties, then these are PVC-coated structures and interior doors with FineLine coating. In another way, it is also called engineering veneer, because it appeared as a result of the use of innovative technologies. To obtain it, they take real wood shavings. The layers are stacked on top of each other in a specific order to create a pattern. The billet is dried in an oven, and then cut into transverse layers. The result is a thin, inexpensive, but natural material without knots. You can distinguish it by eye from natural veneer by an ordered pattern with repeating fragments. Thin cover is inexpensive and can compete with PVC doors in price.
They are similar in this parameter. Both options are used to cover two types of canvases:
- From inexpensive solid pine with MDF panels;
- From a re-glued array.
Basically, an array of conifers, alder is used, because it is not advisable to cover with synthetic or natural veneer elite types of wood, if not to say that it is stupid. The main thing is to pay attention to the thickness of the coating material, build quality, weight. The heavier the canvas, the better. It means that a more expensive amplifier is installed inside than honeycomb cardboard.
Appearance and variety
Inexpensive does not mean ugly. PVC doors can also look natural. It can be difficult to consider their unnatural origin outright, but it is possible.
As for the most primitive representative of the "family" of veneers - Fine-Line film, it looks adequate to its origin and price, that is, it is quite decent.
The quality of the films is so high today that you can not be afraid to scratch or break the door so easily. PVC does not require strict selection of detergents - ordinary chemicals and coarse fabric will do. Two disadvantages that cannot be ignored:
- The weak point of PVC doors is the edge. In case of poor-quality processing or non-compliance with the recommended operating standards, they may come off;
- If the coating begins to peel off, it is impossible to repair it at home - you will have to take it to the factory, which is not always convenient and profitable.
Veneer cannot be used without additional protection, so the surface is varnished. There are no butt seams and edges left on it, which means that veneer doors have less chance of failure. Even if a crack or chip forms on the surface, it is easy to repair them with your own hands, and the defect will not be visible.
Which is better - veneer or eco-veneer
Buyers have hardly learned what veneer is, as its "one-root" analogue appeared on the market. What to do with him? What relation do the materials have to each other, and also what is better - veneer or eco-veneer - consultants have to answer these and other questions more often than others.
Natural veneer is made from different wood species, and eco-veneer is an inexpensive polymer that was invented specifically to meet the needs of people with low wages in a high-quality and beautiful product. In fact, eco-veneer is an artificial imitation of a natural analogue, hence the difference in cost. And what is better to choose - everyone decides for himself:
- Or several light, inexpensive doors with a waterproof, but thin film, exactly repeating the texture of an elite array;
- Or more durable, status and attractive classics, but in smaller quantities.
Let's compare doors made of solid pine and eco-veneer
We already wrote that interior doors are not made from a single piece of wood. Any, even the most expensive model, is a multi-layer structure covered on top with protective and decorative materials. Which is better - a door made of solid pine or eco-veneer - just depends on the internal structure of the products, which in turn affects the performance and cost.
When they talk about choosing a door from an inexpensive solid wood or with an eco-veneer coating, they do not mean that one is better than the other. They just have a slightly different purpose and purpose, which means a different approach to design and materials.
What is a solid pine door? - Option 2:
- Actually, a canvas made of re-glued coniferous wood in its natural form, with a preserved natural pattern;
- The basis for interior doors with film coatings, including eco-veneer.
That is, doors made of eco-veneer (for the most part) inside consist of the same solid pine. The film is not glued directly onto the pine canvas. First, it is sheathed with MDF panels, and already covered with polymer on top.
It turns out that you will have to choose in accordance with the set goals:
|Solid pine door||Eco-veneer door|
|When naturalness is important, a true, and not artificially created, woody pattern (by the way, it is one of the brightest in pine).||If you need to choose a color that exactly repeats the furniture facades, floors, if you allow the presence of exactly the same wood pattern on all doors in the apartment, and also if strength, sound and heat insulation are not so important, and you can sacrifice these characteristics for the sake of economy.|
As a summary …
The above recommendations work only under one condition - that for comparison, high quality doors are taken, manufactured taking into account the developed technological standards. Due to the irresponsibility of some suppliers, an incorrect opinion is born about some models and materials in general.
The main thing to remember is that all doors have certain quality standards. You can't just say that the eco-veneer model is fragile and won't last long. Such a statement makes sense if pronounced in comparison with another construction, for example, made of natural veneer. Consider what matters to you - price, glamor, strength, or silence - and choose from those items that meet the requirements.
We hope that we have clearly stated all the nuances of the choice, but if you still have questions, please contact us, the experts of the door store "Into the House" site vdomspb.ru will try to find a solution to your problem.
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