2023 Author: Philip Bishop | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-08-25 07:54
- A little about the septic tank
- What to do and when
- Periodic maintenance
- How to clean the aeration tank and other system elements
Septic tank Topas has established itself well in the market. Many consumers point to simplicity of design as the main advantage. The design consists of several chambers connected to each other. The work of the septic tank is based on the process of cleaning sewage water. At the exit, industrial water is obtained. In normal operation, the purification rate can reach 98%. But in order to achieve this result, it is necessary to periodically maintain the septic tank. In some cases, you can do it yourself.
A little about the septic tank
The station looks like a large capacity, which is made of durable plastic. With the help of partitions, it is divided into several functional chambers. In them, microorganisms decompose the incoming wastewater. The septic tank has a sewage pumping system that is highly efficient. It easily pumps wastewater from one chamber to another. The system also has compressors that are responsible for air injection. This creates an optimal microclimate for the life of microorganisms.
Experts are inclined to believe that such sewerage systems are the best solution for a country house. But, despite all the advantages, the septic tank needs maintenance. You can do some work with your own hands. But, if we are talking about serious pollution, then it is better to service the Topas.
What to do and when
Maintenance of the septic tank Topas provides for the implementation of some actions. So, you need to start with visual monitoring of the functioning of the system. It needs to be done daily. For this, a special mug is dismantled, which opens access to the main units. A visual inspection will allow you to determine the presence of faults in the early stages. Of course, if the system is equipped with alarm equipment, then a daily inspection is not relevant here. Automation itself will let you know about a problem.
The second stage of control consists in a weekly inspection of the system in order to determine the quality of wastewater treatment. Experts recommend cleaning the secondary sump every three months. This can be done using improvised tools or special pumping equipment.
When servicing a septic tank, its productivity should also be taken into account. So, if a septic tank processes more than 4 cubic meters of wastewater per day, then you should seriously think about calling a sewer machine. She should clean the system once a quarter. If the productivity of the septic tank is less than three cubes, then you can do with the usual cleaning of the walls of the tank. In such cases, the sludge gradually leaves the system on its own. If this does not happen, then you can use a drain pump.
System components such as the secondary clarifier and filtration system should be checked every six months. Every two years, experts recommend:
- Carry out an audit of all bolted and screw connections of the system. If the mount is loose, then tighten it. Corroded hardware must be replaced.
- Check the condition of the diaphragm at the compressor station. Experts recommend changing this element every 4 years of system operation. Of course, if the membrane is in good condition and ensures uninterrupted operation of the septic tank, then it can be postponed with its replacement.
Major cleaning of the system is carried out every 5 years. Here, the surge tank and the aerotank are cleaned. Every 10 years, experts recommend replacing the aeration elements. It is necessary to perform such work when the operation of an autonomous sewage system is minimized.
Waste sludge must be removed from the stabilizer periodically. The cleaning frequency depends on the operating conditions of the system. If the autonomous sewage system operates under heavy load, then cleaning must be carried out every 3 months. Otherwise, the frequency is 6 months.
Regular cleaning of the septic tank is carried out using a mamut pump, which is built into the autonomous sewage system. The cleaning process is carried out using the following technology:
- Disable the septic tank.
- Remove the pump and install it outside the system.
- Loosen the metal clamp at the end of the hose. This will allow you to easily remove the plug from the unit.
- Lift the float switch in the receiving compartment. To accomplish this, you need to start the autonomous system in direct phase mode.
- Prepare the reservoir and pump out half of the chamber volume into it.
- Turn off the septic tank. Install the plug and secure the hose. Top up with clean water.
Thus, the cleaning of the septic tank using the built-in pump is over. If a drainage pump is used, then cleaning takes place using a similar technique, with some changes. One end of the hose is placed in a prepared container. The other end is lowered into the sludge compartment.
After cleaning is complete, it is necessary to thoroughly wash the walls of the stabilizer. At the end of cleaning, it is filled with water to the specified level. To clean the walls, they are often carried out using special equipment that works under pressure. If the contamination is insignificant, then you can use a regular broom instead of a mini-sink. Such service Topas can be done by hand, and if it is difficult, then it is better to call a special service.
How to clean the aeration tank and other system elements
The aeration tank is cleaned using a drain pump. It sinks to the bottom of the tank and starts up. To carry out cleaning, you need to pump out 30 cm of water. Further, the walls lend themselves to thorough cleaning. At the next stage, the water collector is cleaned, which is an important part of the Topas. It must first be removed from the fasteners.
Further cleaning is carried out according to the following scheme:
- Remove mechanical debris using a net or other handy tools.
- Rinse the receiving compartment.
- Clean the mamut pump. It is initially detached from the hose and cleaned thoroughly under the pump. After that, its external elements are washed.
- Clean elements to filter coarse fractions.
The final step is to clean the compressor air filter. All that remains is to build the system and run it.
Details about the maintenance of septic tanks on the website
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