2023 Author: Philip Bishop | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-08-25 07:54
- Tiles in the kitchen: general information
- Division by tiles into zones
- A little about how to choose a tile.
- Layout options
- Installation technology
- Leveling the floor
- Laying tiles
- Tile installation faqs
- What is the best way to lay tiles in the kitchen?
- What kind of tiles are placed on the kitchen floor?
Tiling in the kitchen today is considered almost an integral part of the interior. In some cases, when tiles are missing in the kitchen, it seems that the repair was done incorrectly. But at the same time, although this type of repair seems so familiar and easy, it has a number of intrinsic subtleties that should be taken into account. That is why, before starting work, you need to clearly know how to lay tiles in the kitchen.
Tiles in the kitchen: general information
First you need to figure out the total for what the tiles are used in the kitchen. And it is worth noting that laying can be carried out on different surfaces, at the same time playing a different role.
Another factor is the division of the entire room into zones. Among such zones, the following stand out:
- The first zone is considered to be the working zone. This includes the cladding of places where household appliances are located.
- The next area is the apron. Moreover, its design may differ from the overall design of the finish.
- Another becomes the floor, it is he who is interesting to us now. Note that it can be used to directly divide the entire room into zones.
Division by tiles into zones
Taking into account the fact that the kitchen can simultaneously serve as a dining room, which for the most part happens, division into zones would be a good solution. In total, you can see the approximate result of such a division in the photo below:
Thus, laying the floor in the kitchen helps to separate the individual zones with different colors and types of tiles. At the same time, you can carry out the same division simply by changing the pattern, while using the same tiles. Thus, for example, you can lay out the cooking area in straight rows and the dining area diagonally.
A little about how to choose a tile
The question of how to put the tiles in the kitchen on the floor becomes quite important, more specifically, which tiles to put. And the answer will depend on a number of factors, including performance and aesthetic appearance.
As you know, each of the types of tiles has its own characteristics. Some samples are more resistant to wear, others have increased strength, and still others are dense. And directly for the kitchen, you need to choose a sample that will skillfully combine all three characteristics.
It is important to note that the first priority is to assess the quality of the surface of such a tile. When it comes to laying tiles in the kitchen on the floor, matte tiles should be preferred over polished ones. This option is less slippery, which allows you to protect residents from falling and damage.
Another factor in favor of a matte finish will be its greater water resistance, as well as less susceptibility to detergents. Namely, this becomes important in the kitchen, where the floor is constantly dirty, and, accordingly, additional care is needed.
The size of the tiles is also becoming an important factor. Especially large sizes can introduce some dissonance in the design of the room, especially when it comes to a small kitchen.
That is why laying floor tiles in the kitchen requires careful selection of tiles. Experts recommend choosing material for small kitchens no more than 20 * 20 centimeters in size, and it is best to take a mosaic at all. Of course, laying such a tile is more laborious and requires more skills, but this is offset by the creation of harmony in the design.
Of course, the options for laying tiles in the kitchen play an important role. Or rather, the choice of one of them. In particular, the following types should be noted:
- The first is the usual option for everyone, laying tiles in even rows. In this case, the tiles are laid in rows, seam in a seam or in a split.
- The next option is diagonal styling, which can be found in more detail in a separate article.
- Modular styling is another option. This method will require more professionalism, additional calculations, perseverance and patience.
In total, these are the main options that you see most often. Also, you can find out more about the layout in a separate article on the options for laying the floor in the kitchen, which covers all the variations.
Now let's move on directly to the question of how to properly lay the tiles in the kitchen. In general, the installation itself is practically no different from other rooms, therefore, with the slightest skill in working with tiles, it should not be difficult. But at the same time, laying floor tiles in the kitchen has its own characteristics that should be considered.
Leveling the floor
The primary task is to prepare the foundation. The floor surface must meet the following minimum requirements:
- Be absolutely dry (in some cases forced drying of the surface is required).
- The base must be flat.
- Traces of the presence of an old coating must be removed without fail.
If there are irregularities, fill the floor under the tiles. In particular, the so-called self-leveling floor is used. Such coverage is quite expensive, but at the same time the easiest to implement. A cheaper alternative would be a cement-sand screed.
If the answer to the question of how to quickly fill the floor under the tiles will begin to dilute the self-leveling floor, following the instructions, and then fill the room.
And with a cement screed it is somewhat more complicated, for its implementation you will need to carry out markings, install beacons and guides, etc. In order to find out how to level the floor in the kitchen under the tiles, we suggest that you familiarize yourself with a separate article on the implementation of the screed.
After preparing the base, the surface must be primed. After that, when the primer is dry, you can proceed directly to laying the tiles on the kitchen floor with your own hands. Before starting work, we dilute the glue mixture, following the instructions on the package. And then we carry out all the work in accordance with the step-by-step algorithm below:
- First, apply a small amount of glue to the surface, and then level it. Note that the alignment is carried out first with an even trowel, and then with a notched trowel. The glue mixture itself is distributed over such an area of the floor, on which you will have time to lay the tiles before the composition sets.
- The next step is to place the tiles on the surface. We lay one tile on the glue and then level it using the building level for this. If necessary, a rubber mallet is used, with light tapping of which you can slightly adjust the horizontal position.
- The next step is to fit the second tile, followed by the third, etc. Note that in order to maintain the distance between them, it is necessary to use crosses, or floor leveling systems.
- After the installation is completed, it is necessary to leave the coating for at least a day, after 24-36 hours, it is necessary to grout the joints.
This completes the laying of tiles on the kitchen floor with your own hands and after 2 days the premises can be fully exploited. For understanding, we recommend watching the video on laying tiles on the floor.
Tile installation faqs
Now let's answer the most common questions that people have when laying tiles:
How much does it cost to put tiles in the kitchen?
This question does not have an exact answer, there are many factors that can affect the cost of work. These factors include:
- The type of tile to be used. And there are quite a few of them, it can be ceramic, tile, porcelain stoneware, marble, etc. The cost of each of these types is significantly different, as is the cost of glue for them.
- The second factor is the area of the room.
- The type of laying is also important, straight, diagonal, modular, etc. This is due to the different number of tiles for each of the varieties, and in addition to the need to cut it.
- Of course, the choice of design will have a significant impact. Patterned tiles cost more than standard plain tiles.
- You can also note the size of the tiles, which also matters.
And these are not all factors that affect the cost.
Thus, on average, inexpensive tiles, depending on the region of residence, will cost from 300 to an average of 700 rubles per square meter. Also, taking into account the cost of adhesive materials, which is an average of 300 rubles per bag of dry mix. An online calculator will help you find out the right amount of tile glue.
It is also necessary to take into account the alignment of sex, which cost during the tie of 300-500 rubles per m 2.
Ultimately, the cost of laying tiles in the kitchen will be from 600 to 1000 rubles per square meter, with self-laying. The cost of hired workers' services ranges from 300 to 1000 rubles, depending on the amount of work, the type of tiles, the complexity of laying and many factors.
This is an approximate calculation, provided that inexpensive tiles are used. Accordingly, depending on the cost of the tile, the price will rise. Note that the cost of the screed will remain the same, but the cost of the glue mixture, as well as the tile itself, will rise (the price of the tiler's services will also increase)
What is the best way to lay tiles in the kitchen?
In this matter, you need to think only on the basis of personal preferences, since how the tiles will be laid determines the design of the room. Therefore, only the appearance depends on the layout option. But there are several recommendations:
- In large rooms, it is recommended to perform zoning with tiles, laying it in different patterns.
- For small rooms, it is recommended to create a light design and simple drawings.
Otherwise, it all depends directly on the taste of the owner.
What kind of tiles are placed on the kitchen floor?
For the most part, the answer to the question of which tiles to put on the kitchen floor is porcelain stoneware. But, the important factor is not the material from which the tile is made, but its performance characteristics. Tiles that are laid on the floor must have:
- A high level of strength.
- Without fail, it must be resistant to the effects of household chemicals.
- A high level of durability is required, since the kitchen is one of the most exploited areas.
- You should also pay attention to the coefficient of friction, ideally it should be above 0.75.
- The next factor is the size of the tiles. Smaller tiles will add elegance to the room, and make it visually larger, especially when using light colors.
On this beautiful note, we will end. We also recommend watching a few videos on the choice of tiles and proper installation in the kitchen.
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