2023 Author: Philip Bishop | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-08-25 07:54
- Cutting loops yourself
- Working with a milling cutter for inserting loops
- Preparation of the box and the correct washed down loops
- Washed down the loops on the box
- Lock insert and handle height
- Putting the box together
- Step-by-step photo instructions for inserting locks
- Step-by-step video instruction and subtleties of inserting locks
Door hinges are an important element of any door. For doors, they must be made of durable materials, since the door experiences high loads on a daily basis. In addition, the hinges should look harmonious, for this you need to be able to correctly embed the door hardware so that the slightest flaws are not striking. There are the following types of products:
Hidden: this design is not visible when the door leaf is closed. The hinge is partially shown only when the door is opened. The mount is mounted at the ends
Overhead - look almost the same as the analog for a wooden door. Such hinges are superimposed on the sash and door frame. They have low reliability, therefore they are suitable for light doors. This type of loops is also called (butterfly). Details about the installation of overhead hinges.
Mortise: another name for the design is roller hinges. They are attached through special grooves that have to be cut out in the door leaf and frame. Such loops are highly reliable and difficult to remove for an attacker
The universal ones are applied to any canvas, whatever design it may have
Pendulum is applied to doors located in public places with high traffic. Such a mount is equipped with a hinge, has a spring that returns the sash to its original position
How to insert fittings: a phased plan
Now it's time to install the doors, usually this press is best done after the completion of wet work. Since the doors and the frame draw moisture and expand, that after installation they begin to strike, and then when the humidity drops, the gaps may become larger and here you can not guess the moisture of the doors if they are on the object.
IMPORTANT! If you decide to install doors at the end of finishing work, you need to clearly measure the size of the opening and the vertical of the wall so that there are no distortions of the platband to the wall.
When you have decided on the dimensions and fittings, it is time to determine where the future door will open. When there are many doors, it is better to mount them according to the apartment plan. Now we decide on the floor, that is, if you already have parquet, laminate or other covering. Then it is already easy to calculate the gap between the floor and the door, if not, then you can calculate the gap with the tile plus mortar or laminate, plus the substrate, the gap under the door is done depending on whether there will be a rug or not, usually the calculation is 15-20 ml.
Cutting loops yourself
We determine where the door opens, we look at the convenience of opening. We put the doors on one side, ideally, for the convenience of work, make corner stops for the door so that the door holds on its own, this will greatly facilitate the work. We retreat, 20 cm from the edge of the doorwe put marks with a pencil, put a loop and put marks. We take, screw the hinge to the door with screws, make sure that the hinge holds well. We take a construction knife and carefully and with little effort we circle the contour of the door hinge, as shown in the photo, then with great effort we draw the outline of the door hinge, we carry out the same operation with the second hinge. As a result, we get a clearly cut contour. Learn about new modern ways of quickly cutting locks and hinges, using special templates and carriages that significantly help speed up work and improve quality. Details about the fixtures and patterns used when installing doors by professional craftsmen.
You can cut in the loops with a chisel yourself by eye. You can, of course, more quickly with a hand router. You don't have to think that a router is something large and industrial, it is a perfectly acceptable tool that requires at least a couple of diameters for different types of locks. The milling cutter will greatly facilitate and speed up the process of cutting door hinges with it, you can clearly guess the depth of the cut, and it helps a lot if knots and uneven wood fibers come across.
Working with a milling cutter for inserting loops
The main thing during work is to be very careful, since the rotation of the collet is more than 30,000 revolutions and, accordingly, it must be well screwed on and, naturally, we observe safety precautions.
Please note that the bed and the stop of the router are in contact with the door surface. And also there is vibration and if you do not take action, you can damage the door leaf. To avoid damage to the door leaf, you need to use sliding materials on the surface for the bed and stop, you can of course make templates, but this already requires skills.
And so we start sampling the door hinges, take, set the depth at the cutter stop for this, use the hinge, set it pressed down between the stop and adjust the depth of deepening. It does not particularly affect which collet diameter can be used for tapping and 12mm. - 18 mm. We set the stop limiter along the edge, fix it and proceed to deepening. Holding the milling machine clearly and not going beyond the boundaries of the hinges. We modify the remains with a chisel, as a result we get a clear seat and fasten the hinges.
Preparation of the box and the correct washed down loops
We look at the slats of the box for curvature. Depending on the profile, there are different types of cut, it can be at 45 degrees, but in our case, the classic profile with a sample. We cut straight corners, we make the length of the slats 2018 mm (this is taking into account the gap from the floor of 10 mm or 15 mm and the gap for doors between the frame and the door is about 2 mm). The best and fastest way to make it easy to self-install hinges. To do this, take two clamps and twist them to the door at the ends. We put the rail, the boxes on the clamp from the top with the help of a square, measure 3 mm or use a loop to determine the gap.
It is important to leave a gap of 1-2 mm between the edge of the frame and the door leaf. This is necessary so that the doors do not rub or creak during the closing and opening process.
Since the depth of the box is different, then here you need to clearly calculate the gap. Usually a gap is made from the edge of the loop plus 2 mm. Having established the gaps of the height and the lateral distance, we fasten the box to the hinge, check the closure, we perfectly circle the contour of the loops with a knife and remove the rail.
Washed down the loops on the box
We take with the help, we make a selection with a chisel. This can be done with a router, since the same manipulation is shown in the photo, we set the zero mark plus the depth of the loop. For clarity, we use the second stick of the box, it will not allow you to accidentally deepen the sample. We make a sample of the door frame with a router, for convenience we fix it with a clamp. After sampling, we modify it with a chisel. That's it, now our door hinges match perfectly.
Lock insert and handle height
The usual standard for installing a lock handle is from 900-100 mm, depending on the door lock and ease of use. Locks and latches are usually of different thickness of the false strip and can be either rectangular or with semicircular edges. Consider the options for inserting door locks, but they have the same principle. We fasten the lock with rectangular edges to the door with the front side in the center, assuming that the handle will be 1 meter from the edge of the door. We outline the contour with a construction knife, and we get a contour for cutting with a chisel or using a milling machine. A way of inserting a lock with semicircular edges, these locks are usually designed for installation with a router.
It is important not to deepen the sample much under the decorative plate of the lock, even if it protrudes slightly better. We take, fasten the lock to the end of the door with the front side, taking into account that the handle will be in the middle of the door, the distance of the handle from the floor is 1 meter: We clearly outline the outline of the lock with a pencil; We take the required cutter diameter; We set the depth of deepening; We expose the stop of the milling machine. Now, slowly, we begin the first selection, leading along the contour, the main thing is not to go over the edges, so as not to spoil the door. We proceed to the second stage of the lock insertion, measure the width of the lock body, take the collet of the required diameter and start sampling the depth. Change to an elongated collet and select the full depth of the lock.
Work very carefully, hold the machine tightly, because there may be nails, knots, screws. It is important to know that the milling machine is vibrating and the door leaf coating may be damaged (especially for cheap machine models).
We proceed with the installation of the handle, mark the centers of the handle with a pencil and outline the outline of the lock cylinder, to drill the holes we use feathers on a tree of the required diameter. It is imperative to drill holes on both sides of the door so as not to pull out a piece of the canvas.
Putting the box together
Since we have already decided on the length (2018mm). We calculate the width on the condition that you need to make a gap between the frame and the door of 2 mm on each side. You need to pay attention to the hinges, what is the longitudinal gap there. We took everything into account, we wash down the width. It is very convenient to use an angle clamp when assembling the box. We put all the details on a flat surface and set clear angles and slopes.
An important detail so that the door does not rub, you can slightly tilt one side to expand. This is not necessary with the correct clearances. We connect the elements of the door frame, pre-drilling holes for them with screws so that the box does not crack. The box is ready for installation.
To your attention a video on door installation, various installation options, advice from door installers and ways to insert door hardware.
Step-by-step photo instructions for inserting locks
Step-by-step video instruction and subtleties of inserting locks
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