2023 Author: Philip Bishop | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-08-25 07:54
- Diy single-level suspended ceiling
- The procedure for manufacturing a plasterboard ceiling
- Materials and tools for installing a suspended plasterboard ceiling
- An example of installing a single-level false ceiling with your own hands
- We fix drywall sheets to the ceiling frame ourselves
- Video how to install a false ceiling yourself
- A simple way to self-mount a sheet of gypsum board on the ceiling without helpers
Do you really want to make a plasterboard suspended ceiling yourself? People who are engaged in repairs do it quickly and automatically. If you are a beginner in such matters and you want to make the installation of suspended ceilings from plasterboard yourself, then the installation instructions will help. Our advice on how to repair an apartment with your own hands will help you learn how to do this using photo and video instructions. If anything is not clear, then ask in the comments, we will definitely answer.
Diy single-level suspended ceiling
Plasterboard ceilings have a number of irrefutable achievements. It hides all the imperfections of your ceiling (cracks, irregularities, etc.) It is very convenient to hide wires under such a ceiling. And also, the most important advantage is a flat surface.
Plasterboard ceilings are very varied and numerous in terms of design. You can make such a ceiling from gypsum board, for every taste. There is no limit in choice and imagination, they have a different color gamut, they are single-level, multi-level. Plasterboard ceilings allow you to improve the lighting in your home or apartment and make it unique and elegant. It is very convenient to place the light on suspended ceilings in a way that is convenient for you and so that you enjoy looking at it. It is possible to carry out soundproofing of the ceiling to save yourself from unnecessary noise.
Such a ceiling is suitable for any room, so to speak "universal". You can make such a ceiling even in the bathroom, you first need to treat the sheets with a special compound that repels water. Now let's look at how to install a plasterboard ceiling with your own hands. For this, a kind of photo-instruction is presented below, we tried to make it as clear and simple as possible. You will have access to a video on assembling and installing the ceiling yourself.
The procedure for manufacturing a plasterboard ceiling
Short designations and concepts for the installation of a suspended ceiling made of gypsum plasterboard.
Initial (starting profile along the perimeter).
- The main (bearing profile of the frame).
- Longitudinal profile (for rigidity and reliability).
There are only two technologies for installing walls with sheets. This is a technology called Knauf and Giprok. You can watch and evaluate them yourself. Experienced craftsmen prefer the Giprok technology, since our suspensions and profiles, so to speak, are the basis of which the entire supporting structure of the suspended ceiling consists and on which the sheets of plasterboard are actually attached, to put it mildly, are not made according to European standards, as well as a lot … In short, check out how to make false ceilings well and with high quality.
The structure of your plasterboard ceiling, first of all, must be strong. And all other parts (fasteners and hangers) must be very well fixed to the base itself at such a distance as to prevent the drywall sheets from sagging. Because it is the sagging that leads to the appearance of cracks between the joints of the sheets and the appearance of bumps. For fastening drywall, you need to select high-quality and technological materials.
Materials and tools for installing a suspended plasterboard ceiling
First of all, these are special suspensions (photo on the left), which must be attached to the base. So that they are firmly and reliably fastened, they use the so-called dowel-nails (photo on the left) or metal anchor-wedges. More preferable is a dowel-nail. Profiles with a width of 70 mm are attached to the suspensions with the help of so-called "kids", shown in the figure below under the number 1 (screws with a gimbal for metal, they better "fit" into the profile). Then there are the sheets of drywall themselves 12.5 mm wide, they are screwed with the screws indicated in the photo on the right under the number 2. Measure each piece along the length yourself, depending on the size of the ceiling. You will also need a laser level. And don't forget about a tape measure, a pencil, a puncher and a screwdriver, you can't do without it. In the video lesson below, everything is clearly shown. Calculate the required number of sheets and profiles,components, our free online calculator will help.
An example of installing a single-level false ceiling with your own hands
First you need to outline a line for the initial profile, for this use a laser or water level to help. The distance from the ceiling should be 10–20 cm, so that you can hide electrical wiring, communications, etc. Place the level on an elevated position. Mark the outline of this line with a pencil on the wall. Then attach the guides around the perimeter of the room along this horizontal line with dowels 350-500 mm apart.
The next step will be marking the ceiling for the main bearing guides. First you need to draw parallel lines more than 125 cm, and this is about half a sheet of drywall. Plasterboard sheets will be fastened with a small gap between them, and when we putty, so that we can fill it with gypsum mixture to seal the joints between the sheets. The main profiles will run along the edges of the sheet and in the middle, keep in mind. And along these lines we will fix suspensions on metal anchor-wedges or dowels 400 mm in size.
Now you can take the profile guides and insert them into the starting frame, which we fixed around the perimeter of the walls of the room. The only thing that it is not advisable to do is to insert them close to the wall, you need to leave a small gap so that there is no deformation of the ceiling from various unforeseen circumstances, like temperature expansion. Therefore, we insert the guides into our hangers. We attach the guides to the suspensions with metal screws, 2 on each side of the profile. Be sure to check horizontalness with a long level or laser.
Further, the installation of a plasterboard ceiling with your own hands involves the marking and insertion of longitudinal profiles (photo on the right). It is recommended to look at the specification for transverse installation of sheets of drywall guides of about 600 mm, and for longitudinal installation - 400 mm. You can choose the design option yourself and watch the video. Here we will take a look at the transverse mount. You can easily cut longitudinal profiles from the guides with metal scissors to the length you need. Then insert the longitudinal profiles between the guides also with a step of about 500 mm. They should be located so that their ends do not fall into the places where the guide profiles are fastened with suspensions.
The longitudinal profiles are attached to the guides using special crabs, photo on the left. To make the structure more durable, use a different structure for attaching the longitudinal profiles. Two segments are attached to the bearing profile and a longitudinal one is inserted into them. It is this method that strengthens the structure very well. You can fix the longitudinal profile using suspensions, approximately in the middle of each.
Pieces of the same profile can be used to rigidly attach the profile to the ceiling, only it must first be cut along the edges and bent with the letter G. For convenience, first measure the distance from the ceiling to the lower edge of the profile, this will be the cutting point and leave about 3 centimeters for fixing with a dowel to the ceiling. Please note that you need to fix it with a dowel closer to the edge of the profile bend in order to prevent sagging under the weight of the drywall sheets. Using this method, you can make hangers of any length with your own hands and the ceiling can be raised or lowered to the distance you need. Important tips on how to avoid typical mistakes when working, be sure to look at the secrets of working with a profile.
We fix drywall sheets to the ceiling frame ourselves
So the main frame for the GKL ceiling is ready. Now you need to sheathe it with sheets of drywall. Before that, treat each sheet from the side of the ceiling with a special primer, this will improve the waterproofing, after fixing you will also process it from the back. Step back a few millimeters from the wall to allow the drywall to breathe. Attach the sheets across the longitudinal profiles. Attach the first sheet from the wall, and the next one starting from the first longitudinal profile. Fill the distance (between the wall and the longitudinal profile) with half of the sheet. Thus, we pass the entire ceiling. Fasten drywall sheets to all laid profiles with self-tapping screws for metal in increments of about 15-20 cm.
The caps of the self-tapping screws do not need to be deeply sunk, they should be almost flush, but so as not to stick out above the plane of the drywall. A screwdriver with a stiffness limiter will help you with this, set it so that the limiter is triggered on an easy recess of the screw. Make a gap between the sheets of 2-3 mm, which is useful for further sealing the joints with plaster mix.
That's all. It remains only to cover up the joints that have formed between the sheets. It is necessary to putty the ceiling completely, first go through it with a primer, when puttingty, you may need to tighten the protruding screws. To seal the joints well, use special mixtures or plaster mix. A sticky fiberglass reinforcing mesh is applied to it. And level everything with a spatula so that it doesn't stick out. When everything is dry, smooth out all the putty areas with fine sandpaper from stains. The gaps that have formed between the wall and drywall sheets are processed in the same way. The ceiling is completely plastered with a plaster mixture, try to do it without streaks, if you do it for painting, and if under the wallpaper, then this may not be visible.
So the do-it-yourself plasterboard suspended ceiling is ready. Then you can do whatever you want with it. Wallpaper glue, paint and so on. If you did everything correctly, then the ceiling will serve you for a very long time. There are ceilings and multi-level, which is written about in this article. Now check out the installation video to consolidate your knowledge before practice.
Video how to install a false ceiling yourself
A simple way to self-mount a sheet of gypsum board on the ceiling without helpers
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