2023 Author: Philip Bishop | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-05-24 22:24
- Basic principles of the arrangement of lamps on the ceiling
- Lighting types
- Zoning rooms with light
- Correction of room imperfections with light
- Lighting of rooms depending on their functionality
Well-designed ceiling lighting in an apartment is a cornerstone in creating a cozy and comfortable interior. It will help not only to zone the room, but also to significantly save energy costs. Therefore, it is necessary to approach the solution of this issue thoroughly, having carefully considered all possible options.
Basic principles of the arrangement of lamps on the ceiling
Lack of understanding how to correctly position the light on the ceiling leads to poor quality of room illumination, high energy consumption and an inharmonious appearance of the room. When planning a lighting scheme, it is imperative to take into account the principles of luminaire placement.
- The distance between the wall and the spotlight must be more than 20 cm.
- If the room has a regular rectangular shape without complicated ceiling structures, the chandelier should be positioned exactly in the center of the ceiling.
- The distance from the seam of the film (when installing stretch ceilings) to the luminaire is at least 15 cm.
- The plafond of the chandelier must be at least 15 cm below the level of the stretch fabric.
- When calculating the required number of luminaires, one must proceed from the fact that one point device or spot can effectively illuminate only 1.5 m 2 of the area.
- If the lighting scheme involves the symmetrical installation of several lighting fixtures, it is important to achieve the maximum equal distance between them and in relation to the walls.
For stretch ceilings, it is best to use LED lamps, they do not heat up and do not cause deformation of the canvas.
Luminaires for ceiling lighting differ in variety:
- Chandeliers and pendants are the most traditional type of lighting fixtures, most often they serve as the main lighting. Thanks to the original design and unusual shape, they can be the main element of the interior.
- Spotlights - modern ceiling lighting cannot be imagined without them. They are used to illuminate certain areas of the room, highlight the features of the interior, as the main light.
- Directional lamps - give a concentrated stream of light in one area. This property helps to change the geometry of the room or focus on the desired object.
- Ceiling lighting with LED strips from the inside or around the perimeter. This allows you to achieve interesting effects, for example, a ceiling floating in the air, and create various light patterns on its surface.
Good lighting in an apartment involves a combination of several types of lamps with the ability to create different lighting scenarios depending on your needs. So, for example, in a large living room, it is appropriate to use a beautiful volumetric chandelier that creates a festive and bright mood in the room, and hidden ceiling lighting to give an atmosphere of relaxation and romance.
When choosing lighting devices, be sure to take into account the height of the ceilings, the total area of the room and the purpose of the room.
Zoning rooms with light
For the visual division of a room into several zones, the shape of the ceiling, combined with the right lighting fixtures, is an excellent tool. Ceiling structures are most often constructed from plasterboard, it is possible to combine it with tension sheets. This allows you to form several levels, lower the ceiling where necessary, create unusual geometric shapes.
In small rooms, you can install only spotlights, and use sconces, table lamps or floor lamps as accents. Spacious rooms, on the other hand, require the allocation of various functional areas using the shape of the ceiling. As a rule, a chandelier or suspension is selected for each zone, complementing them with spot or hidden lighting.
Correction of room imperfections with light
Often, rooms in a house or apartment have an imperfect shape: too elongated, polygonal, with protrusions or other supporting elements on the walls. Well-designed ceiling lighting options can help correct these deficiencies.
Using light, you can visually lower the ceiling, darkening a certain part of it, or, conversely, add heights by installing lamps with directional light. In the case when the room has an irregular geometric shape, it is better to refuse from the chandelier in the center of the ceiling in favor of built-in lamps. This will help avoid focusing on "aligning" the room. An excellent solution would be to install a chandelier or suspension over a semantic element of furniture in the room: a table in the kitchen, a bed in the bedroom, a sofa in the living room, etc.
Lighting of rooms depending on their functionality
The purpose of the room determines the ceiling lighting ideas that apply to it. So, hardly anyone would think to hang a crystal chandelier in a typical bathroom, and in the living room limit themselves only to background lighting.
Tips for planning lighting in rooms:
- For the nursery and the bedroom, it is recommended to use lamps with a soft glow as the main light; it is desirable to direct the luminous flux upward. Be sure to take care of additional elements: nightlights, sconces, illumination of the working area for the child, and so on.
- The living room, as a rule, is used for family rest, and for noisy festive feasts, and for watching TV. Several ceiling lighting scenarios provided in the room will help to tune in to the desired atmosphere and make the room more comfortable for life.
- In the kitchen, depending on the design and construction of the ceiling, it is optimal to install several groups of lamps: above the work surfaces, above the dining table and in the central area of the room.
- The hallway and the bathtub suggest the installation of spotlights in various combinations, which saves space and provides the amount of light necessary for these small spaces. Additional lighting elements and an unusual ceiling design are appropriate only in rooms with a large area. In this case, it is possible to use ceiling lighting using LED strips and other lighting solutions.
In dark rooms, you can use stained-glass windows on the ceilings, hiding a lighting device behind them. This will create an interesting effect of natural light coming from above.
Modern ceiling lighting involves the use of different types of luminaires in combination with equally diverse ceiling structures. This allows you to create interiors that are not only pleasing to the eye, but also comfortable for life.