2023 Author: Philip Bishop | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-08-25 07:54
- Application area
- Installation features
- Base device
- Fixing beacons
- Mix preparation
- Reinforcement process
- Screed installation
- Quality mixture
Concrete is the main building material at any stage of construction and repair. This is due to its technical characteristics and properties, as well as insignificant cost in comparison with other similar materials. In certain situations, pouring sloped floors can be useful. In the process of performing work, there are certain nuances that must be taken into account without fail. If the concrete screed technology is not followed, then you can not think about strength.
The most popular among the premises where the concrete screed is laid under a slope is the bathroom. In addition, external territories cannot do without such a device.
These include the entrances to the garage, personal plots, premises of economic importance. The screed in the bathhouse or when installing shower cabins is also actively installing the floor with a slight slope.
Such a screed device is necessary in places of unorganized outflow of water in order to compensate for the difference between adjacent surfaces. If you have an idea about the process of installing a concrete floor, then there will be no difficulties in the process of performing the work. There are no special features. But some recommendations should be taken into account so as not to deviate from the technology itself.
Drainage in the required room can be arranged using the following methods of filling the floor screed:
- The envelope.
- From two planes.
During installation, you should carefully and constantly check the operability of the drain itself in the room. Otherwise, in the future, you will have to spend time on drilling and cleaning. In this case, the level difference should not exceed 20 mm for each meter of the shower or bath surface. Normal operation on higher inclines will not be carried out. In the future, it will be problematic to install tiles or any other type of flooring.
The drain is most often located in the central part of the room or with some offset to one of the corners. In the first case, there will be fewer problems due to the even distribution and installation of beacons over the area of the room. When the sink is located in the corner, the beacons will have a different order.
We must not forget about the high-quality work on cleaning the base from the old screed or any other coating. You can spend less effort and remove only all damaged areas, but later on, the remaining elements can manifest themselves from the negative side. For work, a perforator can be used, with which concrete is removed. Particular attention is paid to the joints of the walls and floor.
If, during the preparation process, overlap defects (cracks, cracks, potholes, etc.) are found, then they should be sealed with a prepared solution. All further measures can be performed only after the solution has dried. Only in this case it will be possible to know how to fill the floor with a slope.
When the surface is ready, you should proceed to the waterproofing layer. The following types of materials are suitable for this:
- Coating. They have excellent waterproof properties, are able to withstand high humidity and not let it through. In addition to the floor surface, they are applied to the walls. It will be enough to raise it to a level of 10 cm. The number of layers of solution will depend on the type of coating being arranged. All the details will be written on the packaging from the material. You should pay attention to the drying time, since only after this can you begin all subsequent measures aimed at pouring floors with a slope.
- Oleechnye. They are presented in the form of rolls, which are spread on the base with an overlap of each sheet of 100-150 mm. Most often, roofing material is used, which has entered the practice of repairing an apartment.
Emulsion bituminous. But the duration of service is no more than 5 years. It is worth thinking about whether it makes sense to spend money on such materials in order to start anew over the course of several years.
This stage and the choice of a specific version of the lighthouse will depend on what methods of filling the screed are chosen. If the drain is located in the central part of the bathroom or shower, then the sequence of work is as follows:
Initially, the lighthouse is installed in the direction from the existing drain hole to the far corner from the entrance to the room.
Marks are made on the walls with respect to this beacon using a level for subsequent elements. It will be very difficult to apply a long rule in work, since the area of the room is small. In this case, a wide and narrow spatula is optimal.
The installation of beacons is more problematic when the drain hole is located in the dressing room, the bathroom is in the corner. Here attention is drawn to the fact that there will be different lengths of beacons. Of course, no difficulties should arise. The main thing is to approach the installation with all seriousness.
It is possible to pull the threads along the exposed beacons indicating the required slope at the base of the floor. Along these threads, other threads located perpendicular to them should calmly move to improve the quality of the fill. In any case, you will have to use a level in the work, which is held along the stretched strings. These threads can be raised and lowered during installation. The main thing is that everything corresponds to the level.
For work, it will be necessary to prepare a high-quality solution. You can purchase ready-made options in the store, or mix everything yourself, observing the proportions and recommendations. For streets and outside areas, you should choose a higher grade of cement - M600. Its durability will be top notch. Before pouring the floor in the bath with a slope, you should buy a cement grade of at least M400.
Brittleness is ensured if the mixture has been lying for a long time and has not been used. It is very important to pay attention to the date of manufacture and service life.
To mix all the ingredients of the future solution, you need to take a concrete mixer. With its help, a homogeneous solution with the best strength characteristics will be obtained.
The ratio of sand and cement M400 is 1 to 4. In the future, it is only necessary to gradually add water, getting a thick slurry. No sand admixtures should be seen.
The solution should be somewhat thicker than when installing a concrete screed in other rooms. This will contribute to the full formation of the bias. In this case, surface irregularities are allowed, since they will subsequently be removed with tile adhesive. If the screed defects are obvious and striking, then cutting with diamond wheels should be used.
Between the exposed beacons, a reinforcing mesh is laid, which helps to improve the quality and strength of the poured solution. Steel rods are an alternative. The main thing is to fix them correctly and securely. They should not be located directly on the base, but be somewhat raised above it. For this, concrete fillings are suitable.
Nowadays, more and more fiber is used instead of any metal elements. Fiber allows you to reduce the total weight of the ready-made mortar when installing with a slope, and also increases ductility and strength after drying. Despite the fluidity, the fiber-reinforced mortar fits perfectly even at an angle. If we take into account the cost, then it will be even lower than purchasing a metal mesh.
Reinforcement is simply necessary if concrete is poured in a room not in one stage, but in several. If you bypass the laying of a metal mesh, then the concrete will begin to crumble and crack.
When there is no experience to perform such types of work as pouring the floor in a bath with a slope, then you should seek help from specialists. They will tell you that the installation is best done in two stages.
To begin with, a solution is prepared that is thicker and with a high content of crushed stone. This will be a kind of foundation. The second layer of concrete is thicker and almost free of rubble. The time delay between two stages should not exceed a day. If you skip more, then the bottom layer will begin to dry out and will hardly be able to grab onto the second one.
The finished solution is poured between the beacons, after which it is evenly distributed over the entire area of the room. The sequence of work may depend on who, what methods of filling the floor screed are chosen. You cannot be afraid of a large amount of solution, since it is easier to remove it than to fill the voids later. The procedure for removing excess mortar with a rail should be repeated at least 2-3 times in order to achieve maximum effect. Some recommend using a vibrating screed. But its cost is high, which does not justify the purchase when pouring floors with a slope in one or two rooms.
It is not difficult to learn how to fill a sloped floor. Everything comes to the same with experience. But it is very important to take care of a quality mixture. You can improve the properties by adding various additives and components that improve the characteristics of the finished solution. The screed begins to compact on its own if plasticizers are added to the composition, and artificial fillers contribute to an increase in strength after solidification, resistance to cracking and the appearance of fragility.
The slope angle is considered optimal up to 10-12 degrees. It will be enough for excess water to be removed into the drain in the bathroom or bath. In addition, reinforcement can often be dispensed with. It is worth remembering that everyone can fill the floor with a slope. It is enough just to adhere to the technology and the result will delight everyone.
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