2023 Author: Philip Bishop | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-05-24 22:24
- Choosing the type of tiles depending on the purpose
- Basic way
- In the dressing
- A combination of two or more colors
- Diagonal way
- Modular styling
- Photopanno, or a new word in design
- Tiling technology
Each owner of his own home strives to make its design unique and inimitable. One of the most flexible means of doing this is tile. This finishing material not only has high strength rates, but also has a pleasant appearance. A variety of textured patterns and shades make it possible to use a variety of tile laying options, thus making your cherished dreams come true.
Today on sale there is a huge variety of tiles, both in shape and color. Many companies even offer the service of printing any image on it with a high-strength glaze for durability and color. A mosaic of tiles on the floor or wall will allow you to make an exceptional design and beautifully decorate any room in shape.
Choosing the type of tiles depending on the purpose
Large tiles have regular geometric shapes, which indicates the possibility of finishing only premises with ideal parameters. The walls are straight and strictly perpendicular to the ceiling with the floor. For curved walls, it is better to use a mosaic of finely textured tiles. The small geometric dimensions of each fragment will perfectly hide the unevenness of walls and other surfaces, creating a visual effect of perfect geometry.
The tiles can be installed as one-color and two-color, as well as multi-colored. Today, there is a huge variety of it on sale. Dark colors visually narrow the space, so it is better to decorate with it some fragments on a light background. The contrast of light and dark has always created an incredible impression on others. If it is necessary to clearly distinguish between the floor and the walls, then it is better to put plain tiles on the elements, as if dividing them, and highlighting them against the general background.
But besides the shade, an important component of the design is the way of laying the tiles. They also exist in several varieties, depending on its shape. We will bring the types of styling from the simplest to the most complex:
- alternation of shades.
One of the simplest and cheapest tile laying schemes is the basic one. It provides for the placement of all elements of the seam in the seam, thereby highlighting the horizontal and vertical lines. The advantages of this type include a small amount of waste and ease of work. For a perfectly flat geometry, it is enough to apply markings, install beacons and attach a cord.
The laying process does not change over the entire area. The basic method narrows the space, visually highlighting the boundaries between the elements of the room.
For ideal laying of tiles with this method, it is enough to level the walls and install beacons around the perimeter. Strict adherence to geometric parameters and constant control of the position of each tile with a level and corner will undoubtedly give an amazing result.
In the dressing
The type of laying tiles in the dressing is the same basic, only with an offset of each subsequent row by ½ of the length of each fragment. This method, being relatively simple, will perfectly hide the nuances of the finishing material itself, as well as some irregularities in the wall. You can also use the stacking option with offset and 1/3 and ¼. Thereby getting the dynamic effect of moving rows. This method requires the use of square tiles.
A combination of two or more colors
The tiles can be installed on walls and floors in alternating two or more colors. Moreover, both of the above options are perfect for the implementation of the plan. The contrast of black and white will create a visual semblance of a checkerboard. This option is very common and popular today. Alternating colors can be used in the following way, creating a unique and unique bathroom design.
This method of laying tiles is the most laborious and technologically costly. This is due to the fact that the horizontal and vertical joining lines of the tiles are located to the floor and ceiling not perpendicularly, as with the base, but with an inclined angle of 45 0. This type visually expands the space due to the multidirectional profile lines. It is actively used where space is limited and it is required to visually expand it. But it is also important to take into account the color of the finishing material.
The disadvantages of this type include a large amount of waste. Each edge tile is trimmed at a 45 ° angle to ensure perfect placement of the next. This must be taken into account even at the stages of its purchase.
To achieve the ideal geometric parameters of the overall pattern, it is necessary that each individual fragment of the finishing material has the correct geometric dimensions. Otherwise, even deviations of 1-2 mm will distort the overall picture.
The diagonal installation can be applied to both floors and walls. Installation of the first rows will be equally difficult, so only experienced professionals should be entrusted with this work.
The herringbone tile laying method is not so common due to the particular complexity of its implementation. The main condition for a successful finish is the perfect geometric similarity of the tiles and, moreover, it must be of the correct rectangular shape. Its length must be a multiple of its width. The installation process is similar to installing a parquet board on the floor. The work is very difficult and requires excellent skill. In addition, a lot of waste will be generated during the masonry process. The total angle of laying tiles to the walls in the room is 45 0. Here, when performing installation, it is important to strictly observe it, otherwise the geometry will bend and the overall picture will be damaged. This method was most widespread earlier, but today it is less and less popular.
The modular type of tile laying is the most difficult type, because it consists in the installation of individual tiles, consisting of several perfectly fitted elements. A composite composition is a single finished drawing, which can be located both in conjunction with other components, and individually. Select tiles for modular masonry should be from the same series and from the same manufacturer. Tiles are available today that are specifically designed for modular layouts. It has a corresponding marking - module. The modular method can be used for both horizontal and diagonal layout. As a rule, high-contrast tones alternate - black and white, beige and dark brown.
Today, it is very common to find a modular option for laying tiles in the kitchen above the work areas or in the bathroom. In general, this is an original way with which you can improve the mood of the interior space of the room.
Photopanno, or a new word in design
Today, tiles with full-fledged photo printing on it are increasingly used. There is already more than one company that is engaged in printing on ceramics and covering it with a protective glaze layer. If necessary, they can order printing of absolutely any image. In this case, the direction of the tile location can be different.
Before you start laying the tiles, you must carefully prepare the base. Remove old tiles, plaster and mortar residues and remove dust from the surface. If the rough base is unreliable, the old screed should also be removed.
It must be remembered that the least number of problems when laying tiles will be on a flat surface. Therefore, it needs to be aligned.
This can be done with leveling screeds or a leveling compound. In the first case, for laying the tiles, the pre-leveled surface must be treated with a deep penetration primer. When using leveling compounds, this can be omitted. To level the walls, you can apply pre-plaster or moisture-resistant drywall.
After the sub-base is completely dry, you can start laying the tiles. But before that it is necessary to apply preliminary markings and install beacons. Installation starts from a flat wall and continues to the opposite. Watch a detailed video on installing tiles on the wall. Check out more tips and videos on how to tile your floor.
For high-quality bonding of the tile to the surface, the glue layer must be of uniform thickness over the entire area. It should be applied with a notched trowel, evenly distributing it over the bonded surface.
Further, the tiles are laid in relation to the marking line and carefully aligned. Calibration crosses must be installed in the joint between two adjacent tiles. They will provide the same distance and a great look for the whole picture.
To level the horizontal surface when laying tiles, special wedge-shaped clamps can be used. They firmly pull two adjacent tiles to a single plane. Once the glue has completely set, these clips can be easily removed.
After laying the tiles, all seams must be thoroughly cleaned with a spatula, and after the glue has hardened, cover with a joint to match the finishing material. It will provide not only a pleasant appearance, but also excellent protection against moisture, and, therefore, against mold formation. Our online calculators will help you quickly read the right amount of material. Find out! how many tiles you need on the floor, tile glue, grout.