2023 Author: Philip Bishop | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-08-25 07:54
- Installation according to European standard, GOST or convenience
- Recommendations for the installation of wiring devices
- Ideal, installation of wall outlets
- What to look for when choosing outlets
It is clear that the installation of sockets and switches in the room in most cases determines the degree of comfort. It is equally important that their optimum height spacing from a convenience point of view assumes normal accessible operation. At the same time, they would not violate their functional purpose, the features of the existing interior in the location of household electrical appliances. The standard installation of sockets and switches includes a 100 cm or 50 cm distance from the floor. At the same time, there is no need to call a sample of convenient use of sockets and switches. It is for this reason that most owners of their own apartments are trying to replace the old electrical wiring with a new one with a different installation of sockets and switches. Changing the distance allows you to increase the degree of convenience in using sockets and switches.
Installation according to European standard, GOST or convenience
Installing sockets and switches according to European standards is a good idea. But at the same time, it is limited by the general requirements, which so successfully replaced the Soviet standard for the installation of sockets and switches for a new, so to speak European standard.
According to the European standard, the sockets are installed at a height of 0.3 meters, and the installation of the switch must be at a height not lower and not lower than 0.9 meters from the base of the floor. In addition, at different points in our country, the height of the established standard may slightly, but still differ. At the same time, the installation height of the sockets and the switch here can be either less than the total distance behind the European standard or more.
But, but seriously. So far, there is no established European standard regarding the installation of the height of sockets and switches.
Electrical Installation Rules, the compiled requirements in accordance with IEC standards only mention the possibility of installing plug sockets at a more convenient distance from the floor, which can be read in chapter 6.6.30 of the Electrical Installation Rules.
For this reason, during the installation work on the installation of devices, one has to be guided by the convenience of operation. But at the same time, do not violate the developed and approved restrictions on the compliance of the height with generally accepted regulatory documents. That is, the norms that are associated not only with the location of sockets and switches, but also with safety technology and in relation to the installation of electrical wiring and wiring devices. (PUE-7 Internal electrical equipment Ch.7.1.48-7.1.54).
Recommendations for the installation of wiring devices
But in relation to the Soviet standard, the convenience of installing sockets and switches is rather doubtful. As practice has shown, the previously used standard does not meet the conditions for convenient operation, which cannot be said about the notorious European standard, which has become more suitable for us than the old Soviet GOST.
And the convenience of installed sockets and switches at the entrance to the room should not be higher than at the level of the lowered hand of an adult user of average height. And this is a directly established standard for the distance of sockets and switches at the very entrance to the room. This is necessary in order to be able to quickly find the device, even in the dark.
Of course, it should be noted that the set points of electrical installations are built in according to standards in accordance with their ease of use. Only, completely accept to adhere to a distance and height of 0.3 meters for the outlet and about 9 meters for switches, as a necessary and true standard of height should not be followed.
In addition, a room with a large area, to control its lighting, it is better to install sockets and switches at different points in the room. For these purposes, pass-through switches are used. It is clear that it is very problematic to get deep into the room in the dark, in order, for example, to find a switch and turn on the light.
Ideal, installation of wall outlets
Therefore, the most suitable option is to install plug sockets without a disconnecting current leakage device, that is, with devices with alphabets, RCDs, which are directly connected in rooms with bathrooms. Moreover, all electrical devices, this applies to both sockets and switches for household appliances such as washing machines, where there is a need to take them out, for example, on the wall in the hallway.
In addition, special attention should be paid to those places in the kitchen where the largest number of electrical appliances are located. This means the installation of sockets, at the table in the kitchen, where you can and should install a couple of spare sockets. In this case, the most common option is a distance of 10-15 centimeters from the countertop of the kitchen table. At the same time, the number of installed outlets should ensure convenient use to the maximum, which means that when designing repairs, it is necessary to take into account ease of use, common sense and requirements in accordance with regulatory documents.
What to look for when choosing outlets
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