2023 Author: Philip Bishop | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-08-25 07:54
- Seat (toilet seat)
- Advantages of modern plumbing
- Installation method
- Toilet models with hidden cistern
- Toilet models without cistern
- On the shortcomings of the system
- Choosing the shape of the toilet bowl
- Flush and drain
- Presence of different functionalities
Not a single apartment can do without this elementary item. And the toilet, no matter how simple it may seem, will be difficult to pick up without the appropriate knowledge. The interior of the bathroom, the comfort of being in it (several times every day) and throughout the apartment (the wrong choice will lead to breakdown and smells) will depend on how to choose a toilet bowl.
The complexity of the choice lies in the wide variety of the modern market, in which it is easy to get confused. Each of the types of this plumbing item differs in its advantages and disadvantages, and therefore, in one case or another, one thing is most beneficial. They differ from each other in several main criteria by which it will need to be selected.
When deciding which toilet bowls are better to buy, first of all you need to know what materials they are made of and what properties they have. Materials are:
- Sanitary ware.
- Sanitary ware.
Plumbing fixtures made of sanitary porcelain and sanitary ware are no different in appearance. Both types are covered with sanitary glaze. However, porcelain is more durable and resistant to physical influences. When choosing which toilet is the best of these two materials, you should focus on porcelain. And they have a longer service life - 50 years, while earthenware has only 30. In addition, it is easier to care for porcelain than for faience.
Ideally, choose a cast toilet with a cistern, it is guaranteed to be better than one that is bolted together.
Metallic materials are the most durable, which is why they are especially common in public washrooms. Like sanitary ware, metal does not require special cleaning conditions. Among the disadvantages of the material is low thermal conductivity, therefore, so that it does not get cold on it, it must be equipped with a thick seat not made of metal.
In an apartment or house, porcelain toilets occupy the best position in the ranking. Therefore, it is better to choose them.
Seat (toilet seat)
When thinking about which toilet is better to buy, you should also think about its seat (toilet seat). The seats are made of two types of materials:
If the choice falls on a toilet with a seat made of plastic, then it will be possible to save money, since this material is cheaper. Wooden ones will cost more (and are less common), and they are more comfortable, retain heat longer and do not cause allergic reactions in people prone to them.
According to user reviews, a good toilet is the one that is equipped with a microlift in the toilet seat. It is a device that slows the seat down when it is lowered, reducing noise and impact damage. The microlift is convenient for use by children, the elderly or those with disabilities.
Advantages of modern plumbing
New models of cisterns are equipped with a double flush button. The tanks are designed for two modes: standard and economical. This is especially true for apartment owners where water meters have not yet been installed, and just for people who are used to saving water.
Economy mode assumes a capacity of 2 or 3 liters of water. This may raise a quite reasonable question, how is the toilet flushed with so much water? This is possible due to the modern design of such a tank: an auger is installed at its outlet (similar to that of a meat grinder). When draining, the water not only falls down, but also acquires a rotational movement and additional washing ability.
An important part of the selection of a toilet bowl by parameters is the installation method. By this property, they are divided into several groups:
Floor-mounted attachments are such structures, the barrel of which is mounted into the wall. Obviously, you only need to choose this option if it will stand near the wall. According to reviews, the repair of such plumbing equipment is difficult. But this type of installation is well suited for small bathrooms or minimalist interior styles.
Free-standing monoblocks are designs in which the bowl and barrel are combined. And the compact is the most common design - just a bowl and a keg separated.
Attachable toilets are distinguished by the minimum occupied space, which is their advantage. And the detached ones do not have this. However, their installation and repair are much easier.
Choosing a wall-hung toilet installation, you can get a modern and compact look that is beneficial in small rooms. And this is, perhaps, all of its advantages. Among the shortcomings, it should be noted the weak strength of the structure, as well as the complexity of the installation of repairs.
In addition to what has been described, there are also corner structures, which should be chosen by those who wish to use the entire bathroom space to the maximum. In these types, the keg is set in a corner, as if diagonally. These toilets are only floor-standing.
The toilet bowl installation system should be chosen according to personal preferences and the available capabilities of the bathroom room.
Toilet models with hidden cistern
Did you know that wall-mounted toilets have already appeared? These toilets always have a separate cistern and a tray, with the cistern being built into the wall, and only the flush button is displayed on the wall surface. There is also a tankless toilet design, where the drain device is connected directly to the cold water supply pipes. Such a new word in the world of plumbing requires special attention, and its installation should be entrusted to a professional craftsman. Despite the seeming simplicity of installation, at the slightest inaccuracy, the device may leak. Instead of the faience cisterns familiar to us from childhood, you can put a wall flush cistern in the toilet. This system is called installation.
The tank is made of durable polyethylene and is somewhat shaped like a canister. The most important advantage of the installation is that it works completely silently.
Built-in cisterns are of two types: for floor-standing and wall-hung toilets.
The cistern for floor-standing toilets is a plastic case that comes with a wall mount kit. Outside, these tanks are covered with a foam coating. It protects against condensation and provides sound insulation. From the tank, there is a branch pipe connected to the toilet and bent at the bottom by 90 degrees. Why is this design convenient? Simplicity and aesthetics - after installation on the wall, only the button remains, and this is the only thing that reminds of the existence of a flush cistern.
Please note that installation toilets are subdivided into wall-mounted and floor-standing.
Of course, the wonders of imported plumbing do not last forever, and they also have to be repaired.
Just don't be intimidated by the repair of the tanks built into the wall. You don't have to break the wall in the toilet. There is a drain unit inside the built-in tank, and in case of a breakdown, only it can fail. The defective unit can be easily removed through the hole for the button of the built-in tank. The operation is simple and straightforward: remove the button and reach the block with your hand through this hole. After the repair, the part is simply lowered back, and additional installation is no longer required. Another important point: foreign plumbing does not tolerate our dear water with difficulty. Therefore, it would be good to immediately take care of the filters, since you decide to install an imported built-in tank. Here, experts advise not to save money, but to stock up on such filters for the operation of any imported sanitary ware.
Toilet models without cistern
What are the other advantages of imported flush cisterns, which, by the way, are the size of a beer can? Such a graceful baby is called drukspühler (translated from German push trigger). This system can be embedded in the wall, hidden behind a partition, hung on the wall in the toilet. If the model is secret, only the flush button on the wall above the toilet will remind you of it. An external Drukspühler will save space better than a wall-mounted cistern.
Another advantage of this system is very simple installation. If you do not want pipes sticking out of the toilet in the toilet, choose a built-in cisternless flush system. It deserves attention for other good reasons: when there is nowhere to build the tank; when there is no time to mess around and build a fake wall behind which the tank is hidden.
Technical requirements for a toilet flush device. Automatic toilet flush, external installation, 3/4 ″ connection, installation at a flow pressure of 1.2 to 5.0 bar, for poppet and funnel-shaped floor-mounted toilets, with flush flow regulator.
The device of a system with a flow-through pressure flush valve of the toilet bowl It is true that you have to tinker with the installation. First, you need to make a square niche in the wall of the required size and depth, as well as a hollow for the pipe. When the Drukspühler fits into the created niche, you can proceed to the exterior decoration. Then you need to drive two pins into the wall, on which the toilet is attached.
On the shortcomings of the system
Now it should be said about the disadvantages of Drukspühlers. Along with the fact that this system saves space, there is no need to wait until the tank is full, there are important nuances. A conventional cistern is capable of storing a small supply of water, even if the water is turned off. Drukspühler does not store such reserves.
Poorly flushes large volumes, there is no powerful funnel of water when draining.
Another nuance - a flush-free flush system functions normally at a pressure in the riser from 1.2 to 5 atmospheres.
Before going to a plumbing store, check these questions. On the last floors of high-rise buildings (above 9 floors), there may not be enough pressure. However, one should not be upset - there are special models for low (from 0.6 atmospheres) pressure.
Choosing the shape of the toilet bowl
The shape of the bowl determines how much water will be consumed with each flush and whether there will be splashes. There are three types of forms:
The dish-shaped form (called a bowl with a shelf) is a platform that is always filled with water. It gives the least splash, but consumes the most water. This is the traditional bowl shape. It is cleaned only under the influence of a stream of water. The main advantage of such a device is the absence of splashes. At the same time, a dish-shaped bowl has a serious drawback - the rapid spread of an unpleasant odor.
Funnel-shaped - this is the leader in splashes, but it is especially economical. The funnel-shaped bowl has a "hole" right in the center, which allows for almost instant removal of defecation products, even without flushing. In addition, these toilets are very easy to clean, as they do not get dirty during use. The design flaw is the high probability of a surge formation. You shouldn't choose such a toilet.
The canopy shape is an area at an angle of 35-45 degrees - it is both economical and the best in terms of protection against splashes when flushing. In addition, such plumbing devices can be equipped with a special funnel, which further protects against splashes. The visor bowl is the most modern, the engineers here tried to combine the advantages of the two designs. It has a bend in the wall, on which waste products initially fall, then, under the influence of gravity, they are removed from the ledge. This system is called "anti-splash". The appearance of splashes is almost impossible, but cleaning the toilet is somewhat more difficult.
If you want to choose a toilet without splashes, then the best option would be the one with a visor bowl. And the more its angle of inclination, the less chance of splashing.
Flush and drain
Draining the water does not affect the usability in any way, but depending on the location of the inlet in the washroom, there are three options between which you have to choose:
- The vertical drain is suitable when the inlet is below the floor.
- The oblique drain is suitable for standard plumbing installations.
- Direct drain is suitable when the inlet is high from the floor.
There are two options for flushing water: soulful and cascading. Soul flush produces streams of water around the bowl, creating a funnel-shaped vortex that effectively flushes everything away. The cascading one washes the bowl from the inside over its entire surface. It is more practical to choose a toilet with a soulful flush, as it flushes better. However, such options will cost a little more.
The horizontal flush is a powerful flow of water down one side of the bowl. Its main advantage is the simplicity of the design, which has a positive effect on the cost of the product. The key disadvantage of this type is incomplete coverage of the inner surface of the bowl. Therefore, it is often necessary to additionally use a brush after using it.
The circular system is more complex - the water here moves in an annular direction and washes the entire surface of the bowl. In addition, it does not need a strong pressure, so it makes less noise and does not allow splashing. But there are also disadvantages - the system will cost more, and the small holes for the water outlet under the rim of the toilet bowl can become clogged with deposits over time.
An important point when choosing a toilet is economy. A standard product at the push of a button pours out a full tank of water - six to eight liters, which is not always justified. However, there are double button toilets on the market. When you press one, they pour out two to three liters of water, and the other will empty the tank completely. Such a tank will save about 1000 liters of water per month for an average family of three.
It should also be noted that recently, toilet bowls have become popular, in which the functions of a hygienic shower or bidet are provided.
Presence of different functionalities
The "Anti-splash" system was invented just so that unfortunate splashes do not fall on you when you use a plumbing fixture. But unscrupulous advertisers and sellers indicate the presence of "anti-splash" on every second toilet, while they are not there!
To avoid splashes, you need to find a toilet design that suits you (by fit and type of bowl) and your toilet room (type of drain), check if the anti-splash system works and choose the color and shape of this important item.
The distance from the rim of the toilet bowl to the place of "bombing" is different for everyone. If excrement is thrown directly into the water, the droplets will splatter. And if you pick up such a toilet so that the fall falls on the wall or on the slope, then there will be no splashing.
Let's summarize. When choosing a toilet, you need to evaluate the volume of the room and the location of the plumbing riser. The type of branch and installation method depend on them. The most modern version of the bowl is a visor with an anti-splash system. The presence of a circular flush will be useful. As for the material, porcelain products look the most optimal today.
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