2023 Author: Philip Bishop | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-08-25 07:54
- Hot water supply of a private house
- It is recommended to install the water supply of a private house with polypropylene pipes.
- Do-it-yourself water supply in the country
- Summer water supply
- Pipes, taps and plumbing devices for water supply in the country
The biggest need for a country house is running water. Only a person who likes to drag to the nearest well or pump, fill buckets and make this way back several times a day can object to this. It may happen that there is no centralized water supply in this area, then there is only one choice - to make the water supply of a private house with your own hands.
There are various plumbing schemes in a private house, but we are only interested in the one that includes the most necessary elements, such as:
- nearest well or well;
- pumping station for pumping water into the supply system;
- outdoor and indoor water pipes;
- hydraulic accumulator;
- plumbing fixtures.
Hot water supply of a private house
Hot water supply of a private house, the scheme of which is quite simple and represents a double-circuit boiler with separate heating and heating functions, or instead of it you can install a storage water heater powered by the mains.
Before implementing an autonomous water supply scheme for a private house, you need to understand which of the three options is most convenient to use in your case. The first option is the simplest one - a well. The next option, as the least costly one, is a sand well. The aquifer is usually located at a depth of about 10-30 meters, this requires a submersible pump. The water from such a well is quite clean, but an additional filter must be installed to guarantee.
To obtain the cleanest water, the water supply scheme for a private house should provide for the use of the most laborious and costly method - an artesian well. Despite the fact that this is a rather deep source, you do not need a pump, an artesian well is capable of providing water to an entire village.
If a well is used as a source, it is preferable to install a pumping station in an annex or in the house itself. In this case, when laying a water supply system into the house, you need to make a trench from the well below the level of freezing of the ground and then bury a pipe in it.
Reinforced-plastic pipes bend well, therefore, bending, we lower it to the water level, not forgetting to insert a mesh filter. We lower the pipe further so that the distance to the bottom is about 40 cm. We pump out the water from the well, fix the pin on the bottom and attach the pipe to it.
Installation of a water supply system in a private house involves installing a pumping station or a submersible pump in the house or directly above the well (in the caisson). First, water enters the accumulator and from there is directed through pipes to consumers. By consuming water, consumers thereby reduce
pressure in the system, the relay is triggered and the pumping station is turned on, which supplies water to the accumulator, raising the pressure to 3 bar. The relay turns on again, and the pumping station stops working until the pressure drops.
It seems that quite recently for the insulation of a water supply system in a private house, a cotton blanket was the best material. Those days are long gone, now such heaters as expanded polystyrene, fiberglass and basalt sealant have appeared on the market. There is no doubt that laying pipes below the freezing level is the best way to protect them, but it does not help when the freezing depth is below two meters. Then it is necessary to use the above heaters.
The video below tells about the principle of operation of a ready-made water supply system for a private house from a well and how this is done.
Plumbing in a private house is carried out in two ways - external or hidden wiring. To do this, polypropylene pipes in stone houses are hidden in walls, in specially made recesses, and in wooden buildings they are placed under panels.
It is recommended to install the water supply of a private house with polypropylene pipes
These pipes are welded at the junction, thus ensuring complete tightness of the system and making it impossible for any leaks in your home.
Before putting the water supply into the house, it is necessary to draw up a competent wiring plan and it is desirable that it be performed by a professional. The water supply wiring diagram in a private house starts from the point of water supply to the house and continues until the entrance to the heating boiler. Further, following the layout of the water supply system in the house, the water goes to the main points of analysis, such as the bathroom and the kitchen.
The picture shows a schematic diagram of a water supply system, in real conditions the plan is developed individually for the house by a specialist.
After the connection of the water supply to the private house is completed, it is necessary to connect all the elements of the system to the electrical network, check their operation, make sure that they are reliable and there are no leaks, and eliminate the identified faults.
Having made the water supply of a country house with your own hands, you can be proud of it, since the quality and diligence with which you performed it can show characteristics much better than in urban centralized systems.
Do-it-yourself water supply in the country
Practice shows that the lack of running water in the country makes life there uncomfortable, and sometimes just impossible. If you properly understand and correctly implement this project, building a water supply system in the country with your own hands is not so difficult. Moreover, you can make the system work at any time of the year.
Summer water supply
This suburban water supply system with their own hands is very easy to equip for its manufacture, you just need to have hoses and connecting elements. Used for watering plants in the city. Domestic manufacturers produce latches for connecting hoses, a "ruff" is placed at one end of this device, and a spring-loaded connector at the other, which ensures tightness at the joint.
With a constant summer water supply to the dacha with your own hands, the matter will be somewhat more complicated.
Pipes for it are laid in the ground, only cranes remain on the surface. It is not necessary to bury such a water supply system, just sprinkle it with earth on top so as not to give a reason for theft.
The only drawback is still there, it must be laid so that there is a constant slope to the main line, and at the lowest point, install a drain valve. Before the onset of winter, do not forget to drain the pipes so that they do not burst with the onset of frost.
Such a cottage water supply scheme can function at any time of the year. Taking a well as a source, you will make such a water pipe without having great skills, and then your summer cottage will never be left without water.
To supply water to the system, a submersible pump is needed, depending on the depth at which it will work, its power is selected. When installing a water supply system in a country house, the trench must be made more than half a meter deep in order to place the pipeline below the freezing level. After that, it is recommended to cover it with crumbs made of foam or expanded clay with a layer of 30 cm. This is not the only way to heat water pipes in the country. Currently, an electric heating wire is widely used, it is wrapped around the pipe, put on top of foam polyethylene insulation and laid in a trench.
Before making a water supply in the country, it is necessary to build a pit 70 × 70 cm near the well to approximately one meter depth. Cover the bottom with concrete, and the walls are laid out of bricks, there should be a water conduit and an electric conduit pipe. This structure is necessary for the timely disconnection of the submersible pump.
Also watch the video below, which details the tools that are needed for laying the water supply, materials and the laying process itself.
Pipes, taps and plumbing devices for water supply in the country
Experienced plumbers, before installing the water supply in the country, are advised to first choose which pipes you will use. There are enough options, but polypropylene or plastic pipes are best suited for water supply schemes. These pipes are easily soldered with a special soldering iron, bend in all directions and are very durable. A country water supply system made of plastic pipes will serve you and your great-grandchildren. The video very clearly tells about all types of pipes that are used.
Cranes, which are to be used on the street, are suitable for both conventional and with axle boxes. It is advisable to mount valves made of metals that are not afraid of corrosion, usually cast iron or bronze. For a water-folding unit, water-folding columns are most suitable, they have proven themselves well in work at low temperatures.
Of course, professionals will make the installation of the water supply system in the country faster and more reliable, but if you want to do it yourself, try to fulfill all the existing requirements without fail.
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