2023 Author: Philip Bishop | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-08-25 07:54
- Stages of work
- Counting finance
- Cleaning the space
- Measurements and calculation
- Coating Analysis
- Laying of communications
- Floor device in the attic
- Roof insulation
Over time, many owners of private houses come to the idea of converting the attic into a living space. And for this, it is first of all necessary to carry out the installation of the floor in the attic, as well as the insulation of the roof. In order to do everything correctly, you will have to carry out a number of calculations and design the position of the elements, and then mount the structures.
Stages of work
To begin with, consider all the stages of work to be performed in the attic, among them it is noted:
- The first step is planning the premises.
- The second stage is the calculation of finances, which will also be decisive in the choice of materials and structures.
- Next, you need to carefully clean everything in the attic.
- The next step is measurements.
- Now you need to inspect the flooring and the integrity of the rafter system.
- The next step will be the arrangement of all the necessary communications.
- And finally, the sub-floor device, as well as thermal insulation, which we will talk about in more detail.
- Upon completion of the previous stage, internal and external finishing works are carried out.
- And the last stage of the device is the arrangement of the space in the living space (furniture, etc.).
Let's consider each of the stages in a little more detail.
The first and fundamental stage of the work is the planning of the future premises. After all, it will depend on the floor arrangement, the need for insulation and strengthening.
To complete this stage, it is better to resort to the help of specialists. Doing it yourself, you can make mistakes that will adversely affect the final result.
If you want to do everything yourself, then you should take into account all the structural features of the structure. Moreover, consider all the bearing possibilities of the overlap, so as not to overload it, which may lead to a collapse of the overlap.
This stage should be very clear to everyone. Depending on the financial capabilities, the premises will be equipped in different ways.
It becomes fundamental to clearly calculate what will need to be purchased, the most important is precisely the elements of strengthening, insulation and primary finishing. Finishing coatings can wait, but the initial work on the floor and roof should be performed immediately.
Cleaning the space
This stage can be attributed to the preliminary preparation of the premises for work.
As you know, it is usually used to store old things, or items that are rarely used. All this must be carefully removed and the room cleaned of dust and other debris.
Everything must be done carefully, since nails can stick out in the rafter system, which can cause injury. Moreover, the injuries can be very serious.
Measurements and calculation
It is necessary to carefully measure the entire area of the attic, its height, etc. Here you must first of all understand that the entire area will not be used, since part of it is inaccessible due to the roof slopes. But nevertheless, it is necessary to equip insulation and a rough covering over the entire area.
Therefore, one should not only calculate the area of the floor covering, but also the area of the slopes.
In addition, further it is necessary to calculate how much insulation is needed. How many beams are needed, how much vapor barrier will be needed. And fully calculate the finishing materials, depending on what kind of finishing will be performed.
At this stage, it becomes fundamental to fully inspect all coatings and structures of the attic.
If there are any damages or malfunctions, they must be repaired before starting work.
The most important process when arranging an attic is to determine the dew point of the roof. If the insulation is done incorrectly or with the wrong materials, then condensation will form in the attic space.
In some cases, it may be necessary to disassemble the roof and the rafter system itself for the installation of a new one. It may also be necessary to replace the floors. Therefore, special attention should be paid to the analysis of the state of surfaces.
Laying of communications
If necessary, wiring is arranged in the room, a pipeline is laid, ventilation and a heating device is carried out. If any of these communication systems are assumed in the room, you can familiarize yourself with the technologies for their installation in separate materials.
Floor device in the attic
One of the most important points is the arrangement of the floor. And it is worth considering all the features of its installation. It is worth noting that the supporting elements are beams and logs, which are usually made of softwood.
The whole process of the device will be carried out as follows:
First of all, we check the quality of the lags, if they do not need to be replaced, then we carry out the crate. For it, bars are used that correspond in height to the lags.
They are fastened with metal corners.
In order to avoid the formation of condensation under the floor covering, it is necessary to provide a vapor barrier layer, which is fixed to the battens.
Next, we put the insulation material into the crate cells. Mineral wool slabs are well suited for insulation.
- Now we put another layer of vapor barrier on top of the insulation.
The next step is to lay chipboard plates, it is recommended to use a moisture-resistant material. They will serve as the basis for the future floor.
On this, the installation of the subfloor can be considered complete, in the future, any coating that you want to equip is laid on this base. The most popular is laminate flooring.
Now that the rough flooring is ready, it is necessary to provide for a ceiling device and roof insulation.
This stage is somewhat similar to the previous one, it is carried out as follows:
- We equip additional elements of the lathing between the beams of the rafter system. As for the floor, it is recommended to use pine beams or planks here, fastening them to the main elements of the rafters using corners.
- The next step is to lay a layer of waterproofing, followed by a layer of vapor barrier.
Now we lay the insulation. It is recommended to use stone wool. The size is selected slightly larger than the width of the cell, and the blocks of insulation are inserted into the cells.
- The thickness of the insulation is calculated, or taken in accordance with climatic conditions from the calculated data of state standards.
- If necessary, the insulation is laid in several layers, it is recommended to provide a vapor barrier between each layer.
- Upon completion of the installation of the insulation, a vapor barrier layer is also provided.
Subsequently, as a rough finish, it can also be sheathed with chipboard sheets.
This completes the preparation of the floor and roof, and you can proceed to the next stages of work, namely the finishing of the premises, and in the future the arrangement of furniture.
After the installation of the floor in the attic has been carried out, as well as the insulation of the roof, the decoration and furnishing of the room is done in accordance with her choice, which can be as diverse as possible. We invite you to watch several videos that will help you choose the option for arranging the attic, and also clearly show how to arrange the floor in the attic.
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