2023 Author: Philip Bishop | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-08-25 07:54
- Surface preparation for plastering
- Technology for applying decorative plaster to the surface
- Decorative plaster panel
Among the many types of wall decoration, decorative decoration has recently become increasingly popular, due to the fact that such decoration looks especially elegant, but if you make it yourself it is inexpensive compared to other types of decoration. In addition, the original design makes this finish very attractive. The website for apartment renovation on its own will tell you how to do it.
In addition, do-it-yourself decorative wall plaster has a number of advantages:
- You don't need to pay much attention to preparing the wall;
- The ability to mask existing defects;
- Can be used on any surface, for use in decorating wooden walls, or a solvent-based mixture;
- After such a finish, there are no joints and seams;
- Ease of use;
- Very wear-resistant, you can not change anything for years;
- Impervious to temperature extremes and fireproof;
- Walls can be washed with detergents;
- Sound and heat insulation is increased.
Decorative wall decoration is used for both interior and exterior decoration works. In addition, you can decorate not only the walls, but also the ceiling. Such work is carried out using a special composition with a granular structure. The composition of such a mixture is something like this:
- Water base with a binder;
- Fillers from granite, marble or quartz chips;
- Various additives that improve the quality of the mixture - preservatives, thickeners, antiseptics.
When a person ignorant of the construction business enters a room where decorative plaster is finished, he does not immediately understand how this is done. In fact, not only high-profile specialists can decorate the walls in this way, but also any person, if desired.
For decoration, empty large walls of country houses are more suitable, in apartments on the advice of designers, it is best to design various niches in this way, or walls that have significant cracks. Their use in the kitchen is most convenient due to the fact that such walls do not absorb odors and are better protected from dirt.
It goes well with any other finishing materials. Therefore, they can be used for a variety of design solutions.
The possibilities of decorative plaster are not limited to creating a surface with an unusual texture; using this method, you can even make various patterns, multi-colored and multi-layer panels or pictures. If you yourself are not good at drawing, then special stencils are sold in stores. Or you can use a variety of cardboard cutouts. Using them, you can create original panels that will not be found anywhere else.
Most often, silicone plaster mixes are used in residential buildings and apartments, they have increased permeability, and better repel water and dirt. Such mixtures are sold ready-made, so they are easier to use.
Surface preparation for plastering
For. To make decorative plaster easy to apply, it is best to prepare the wall if the walls were previously covered with wallpaper - they need to be peeled off, the old paint removed, then the entire surface is washed with a detergent.
Read the instructions carefully before starting to work with the mixture. If the composition needs to be prepared, then follow all the recommendations and instructions on the package. Compound manufacturers most often recommend that they be applied to a surface that has been pre-treated with a primer that seals microcracks. If the surface is absorbent, the primer will prevent it from being absorbed. Surfaces with metal parts, for example, nails or pipes, must be covered with a special protective compound, otherwise, after a while, a rusty stain may appear on the surface of the plaster. Next, let's take a closer look at how to apply decorative plaster on the walls correctly.
If the application is carried out in a newly built building, then it is sufficient to cover the surface with ordinary lime mortar. Only after that, be sure to dry the surface well for 10 - 12 hours. All work should be performed at a temperature not higher than 30 degrees, but not lower than 5 degrees.
Technology for applying decorative plaster to the surface
The work can be done with a relief roller, a spatula knife, a special brush, bristles, a broom, or simply with a brush. It all depends on the desired pattern, your skill and preference. If you wish, you can use a special trowel - a plastic rectangular spatula with a comfortable handle.
Structural plasters are leveled with a trowel or spatula, while the granules, rolling, create fancy patterns.
Textured plasters are applied with a stainless spatula, roller, or sprayed, then the surface is leveled. Thus, Venetian plasters with interesting patterns are produced.
After application, the plaster remains plastic and can be given any shape. This can be done with a long-nap roller, then smoothing it with a spatula, or with a brush, with wide strokes, but using a special curly roller or a notched trowel will make the work more interesting.
Depending on what pattern you want to get, it is directly related to how many layers of plaster will be applied. And the formation of the final pattern entirely depends on your imagination. But work should always be done from the corners. From the first time, the plaster will probably not lie in an even layer. Therefore, practice in a small area first. Do not leave the jar open for a long time. Now look at the photo of how do-it-yourself decorative plaster looks on the walls:
Decorative plaster panel
To do this, you first need to prepare a sketch. Then the drawing is applied to the prepared surface. Silhouettes of decorative elements must be glued along the contour with masking tape. After applying the first layer, the tape must be removed before the surface hardens. Then, after the top layer dries, we glue its contours with tape and begin to apply the top layer to the remaining areas.
Volumetric images are created by applying plaster in several layers. For the manufacture of more complex patterns, overlay elements made of cardboard or plywood are used. Now a few photos of examples of how the panel looks in the interior of the room.
Photo taken from the website Design Studio Elena Telnykh.
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